Qaa in hieroglyphs

The eighth pharaoh of the First Dynasty, a.k.a. Kaa

The Horus name Qa'a is well attested, and according to Africanus, Manetho named him Bieneches, but according to Eusebius it was Ubienthes. The New Kingdom king lists name him as Qebeh or Qebehu.

Precedessor
Semerkhet

Successor
Hotepsekhemwy

Reign of Qaa
AE Chronology2775–2732
v. Beckerath2853–2828
Malek2818–2793
Grimal2960–2926
Turin King List95 (years?)
Manetho26 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King

Horus Qa'a  The Dual King Qebeh*

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Qa'a
ḳꜢi-Ꜥ
Raised arm of Horus
q:a
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate VIII
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 40-41, 8:H

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Sen nebty
sn-nbti
The one whom the Two Ladies have kissed
T22*D20:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate XII (6)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 40-41, 8:N3
Nebty name variant
Sen nebty
sn-nbti
The one whom the Two Ladies have kissed
T22:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate XVII (29)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 40-41, 8:N2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Qa'a
ḳꜢi-Ꜥ
The Dual king with raised arm of the Two Ladies
q:a
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate VIII-IX
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 40-41, 8:N1
Throne name variant
Qebeh*
ḳbḥ
He from the north
q-b-H
Abydos Canon no. 8
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (8)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 40-41, 8:1
Throne name variant
Qebehu*
ḳbhw
He from the cool north
q-b-H-w-W15
Saqqara Canon no. 57
Meyer, Ägyptische Chronologie, plate 1 (2)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 40-41, 8:2
Throne name variant
...beh
..bḥ
//-b-H
Turin King List 3.19
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) II:19

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus i, 8 Βιηνεχης Vienekis 26 years
Eusebius i, 8 Ουβιενθης Ubienthes 26 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 14–15
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 40–41
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 27
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 299–301
PLEASE NOTE
There might be errors on this page.
Make sure you use the correct source!
Yes, you would be surprised...