Rahotep in hieroglyphs

The first pharaoh of the Seventeenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Rehotep

Precedessor
Snaaib

Successor
Sobekemsaf I

Reign of Rahotep
Ryholt1580–1576

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Wah ankh  The Dual King Sekhem Ra wah khau  Son of Ra Ra hotep

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Wah ankh
wꜢḥ-Ꜥnḫ
Enduring of life
wAH-anx
Petrie, Koptos (1896), pl. 12 (3)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 2:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
User renput
wsr-rnpwt
Rich in years
wsr-s-r:a-rnp-rnp-M4
Petrie, Koptos (1896), pl. 12 (3)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 2:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Wadj..
wꜢḏ..
Flourishing of ...
M14-//
Petrie, Koptos (1896), pl. 12 (3)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 2:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sekhem Ra wah khau
sḫm-rꜤ wꜤḥ-ḫꜤw
The powerful one of Ra is enduring of appearances
ra-sxm-wAH-xa:a
Hieroglyphic texts from Egyptian stelae, etc., in the British Museum (1913), IV, pl. 24 (EA283)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 2:T1
Throne name variant
[Sekhem] Ra wah khau
[sḫm]-rꜤ wꜢḥ-ḫꜤw
The powerful one of Ra is enduring of appearances
ra-sxm-wAH-xa:Z2
Karnak Canon no. 48
The sekhem sign is missing
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 2:T2

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ra hotep
rꜤ-ḥtp
Ra is satisfied
r:a:ra*Z1-Htp:t*p
Petrie, Koptos (1896), pl. 12 (3)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 124-125, 2:E1

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 88–89
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 124–125
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 89
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 341–343
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