Shepseskara Netjeruser in hieroglyphs

The fourth pharaoh of the Fifth Dynasty, a.k.a. Shepseskare

Shepseskara is a very obscure king, who probably only ruled for a short time, maybe even only a couple months. He was likely a member of the royal family, but in which capacity is unknown. The Turin papyrus is of little help as the names of the relevant kings are missing, in fact, his name is only present on the Saqqara king list. He is included on Manetho's king list as Sisires

Precedessor
Neferirkara I Kakai

Successor
Neferefra Isi

Reign of Shepseskara Netjeruser
v. Beckerath2438–2431
Shaw2455–2448
Dodson2363–2362
Allen2438–2431
Malek2425–2418
Redford2482–2475
Turin King List7 years
Manetho (Africanus)7 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Sekhem khau  The Dual King Shepses ka Ra  Son of Ra Netjer user

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Sekhem khau
sḫm-kꜢw
Powerful of appearances
sxm-xa-w
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20396)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 56-57, 4:H

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Shepses ka Ra
špss-kꜢ-rꜤ
The noble one of the ka of Ra
ra-Sps-s-s-kA
Saqqara Canon no. 31

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 56-57, 4:T2

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Netjer user
nṯr-wsr
The divine and strong one
nTr-w-wsr*s:r
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20384)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 56-57, 4:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus v, 4 Σισιρης Sisires 7 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 119
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 56–57
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 39
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 427–428
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