Smenkhkara in hieroglyphs

The twelfth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Smenkhare, Smenkare

Very little is known of Smenkhkara because from the reign of Horemhab and on the pharaohs sought to erase the entire Amarna Period from history. The scant evidence that does exist is ambigous and often conflicting, and this very hard to interpret with any certainty. The throne name of Smekhkara, Ankhkheperura is the same used by Neferneferuaten, which has led to a great deal of confusion as throne names tended to be unique. It is now widely accepted that if Ankhkheperura include an epiteth, it belongs to Neferneferuaten, while if no epiteth is included, it belongs to Smekhkara.

Precedessor
Neferneferuaten

Successor
Tutankhamun

Reign of Smenkhkara
AE Chronology1336–1334
v. Beckerath1338–1335
Shaw1338–1336
Dodson1346
Malek1338–1336
Grimal1338–1336
Redford1355
Manetho (Josephus)12y 3m

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Ankh kheperu Ra
Ꜥnḫ-ḫprw-rꜤ
Living are the manifestations of Ra
ra-anx-xpr-Z2
Petrie, Tell el Amarna, plate XV (97-102)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 99a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 144-145, 11:T3

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Smenkh ka Ra, djoser kheperu
smnḫ-kꜢ-rꜤ ḏsr-ḫprw
Potent is the soul of Ra, holy of forms
ra-z:mnx*kA-D45-xpr:Z2
Petrie, Tell el Amarna, plate XV (103)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 99a
Birth name variant
Smenkh ka Ra, djoser kheperu
smnḫ-kꜢ-rꜤ ḏsr-ḫprw
Potent is the soul of Ra, holy of forms
ra-s-mnx-kA-D45-xpr-Z3
Petrie, Tell el Amarna, plate XV (104)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 144-145, 11:E4

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 362–364
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 144–145
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 105
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 435–436
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