Thamphthis in hieroglyphs

The eighth pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, a.k.a. Djedefptah, Ptahdjedef

Thamphthis is possibly a hellenized version of Djedefptah or Ptahdjedef. Most likely he never ruled the kingdom, but Middle Kingdom tradition seem to venerate his name and somewhere along the line, his name was included among the already then ancient kings. There are no attestations and no archaeological records whatsoever of this king, if he ever existed. The name is only mentioned as the last king in Africanus list of Manetho's fourth dynasty.



Reign of Thamphthis
v. Beckerath2479–2477
Turin King List2 years
Manetho (Africanus)9 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Name missing
The lacuna might have held Thamphthis, the hellenised name of Djedefptah.
Turin King List 4.16
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) III:16

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus iv, 8 Θαμφθις Thamphthis 9 years


  • Beckerath, J., 1999. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49: 53–54
  • Baker. D. D., 2008. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I. London: 80
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