Unas in hieroglyphs

The ninth pharaoh of the Fifth Dynasty, a.k.a. Wenis, Unis

Unas is present on the Abydos (33) and Saqqara (23) king lists, as well as in the Turin papyrus (4.25). He is also included on Manetho's king list as the last ruler of the fifth dynasty, Onnos.

Precedessor
Djedkara Isesi

Successor
Teti

Reign of Unas
AE Chronology2321–2306
v. Beckerath2342–2322
Shaw2375–2345
Dodson2312–2282
Allen2353–2323
Malek2341–2311
Redford2404–2374
Turin King List30 years
Manetho (Africanus)33 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Wadj tawy
wꜢḏ-tꜢwi
The sturdy one of the Two Lands
wAD-N18:N18
ASAE , 2, 254
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 60-61, 8:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Wadjem
wꜢḏ-m
The one who is sturdy by means of the Two Ladies
wAD-m
ASAE , 2, 254
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 60-61, 8:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Bik neb wadj
bik-nbw-wꜢḏ
The sturdy golden falcon
wAD*G5:nbw
ASAE , 2, 254
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 60-61, 8:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Unas
wnis
wn:n-i*s
Abydos Canon no. 33
Saqqara Canon no. 27

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 60-61, 8:E2
Throne name variant
Unas
wnis
wn:n-i-s
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums , I, 81
Turin King List 4.25
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) III:25

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus v, 9 Οννος Onnus 33 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 138–142
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 60–61
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 40–41
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 482–484
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