Diodorus of Sicily

Diodorus Siculus was a Greek historian born in Sicily. His magnum opus, Bibliotheca Historica, consisted of forty books divided into three sections, and was written around 60-30 BC.

The first book describe the history and culture of Egypt. Below you will find the names of the kings mentioned, with a short description. He used the works of earlier historians, like Herodotus, adapting events and stories to his own end. It is likely that he was told many stories about the pharaohs, but mixed up exactly which pharaoh each belonged to. It is still valuable as he actually visited Egypt and most likely talked to the priests. If nothing else, it is still a source of the pharaohs.

1.45.1/3 Μηναν / Μηνα Menan / Mena Narmer Introduced his people to luxury
1.45.2 Τνεφαχθον Tnephachthon Tafnakht Denounced luxury and cursed Menes, which is why his name was almost forgotten
1.45.2 Βοκχοριδος Bokkhoridos
1.47.4 Οσυμανδυας Osymandyas Ramesses II
1.50.3 Ουχορευς Oukhoreus The eight king, founded Memphis
1.51.5 Μοιρις Moiris Amenemhat III Succeeded to the throne 12 generations after Uchoreus
1.53.1 Σεσοωσις Sesoösis Senusret III Seven generations after Moeris, a great king. Killed himself after becoming blind after 33 years reign
1.60.1 Aμασις Amasis Ruled with great harshness and contempt
1.60.2 Aκτισανης Aktisanes King of Ethiopia, defeated Amasis
1.61.1 Μενδην Menden Who some call Μάρρον (Marron), built the Labyrinth
1.62.1 Κετηνα Cetes Thought by Greeks to be Πρωνεύς (Proneus)
1.62.5 Pεμφις Rhemphis Ramesses III Amassed riches and left a treasure larger than that of any king before him
1.63.1 Νειλέως Neileos After whom the Nile river is named
1.63.2 Χεμμις Khemmis Khufu Eight king of Memphis, ruled 50 years, and built the largest pyramid
1.64.1 Κεφρην Kephren Khafra Brother of Χέμμις who succeded him. Built the second pyramid.
1.64.1 Χαβρυην Khabryen Radjedef Son of Chemmis who some say took the throne after him, not Cephren.
1.64.6 Μυκερινος Mukerinos Menkaura Who some call Μεγχερῖνον (Mencherinon), a son of Chemmis
1.65.2 Σαβακων Sabakon Shabaka By birth an Ethiopian, yet in piety and uprightness far surpassed his predecessors
1.66.8 Ψαμμητιχος Psammetikhos
1.68.1 Aπριης Apries Apries King for 22 years, strangled by the men of Amasis
1.68.3 Aμασις Amasis Amasis Ruled for 55 years until Cambyses conquered Egypt
15.92.2 Ταχως Takhos Djedhor Teos I King Tachos of Egypt received 500 talents of silver and 50 warships


  • Bekker, Dindorf, Vogel: Diodori Bibliotheca Historica, Vol 1, Leipzig 1888
  • George Booth: Historical Library, translation from 1814 @ Wikisource:
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – German for prototype or template, a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Dynasty – a sequence of rulers from the same family, from Greek dynasteia (δυναστεια)

OK – Old Kingdom

MK – Middle Kingdom

NK – New Kingdom

SIP – Second Intermediate Period

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