Alexander the Great

 Argead Dynasty


Reign of Alexander the Great
332–323

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Alexander the Great: Mek Kemet
Mek Kemet
mk-kmt
The guardian of Egypt
G20-k:km*O49
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 4c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Alexander the Great: Heqa qeni
Heqa qeni
ḥḳꜢ-ḳni
The brave ruler
S-HqA-q:n:nw-D40
Karnak F 377 (room XXIX)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 3a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Alexander the Great: Heqa qeni teken khasut
Heqa qeni teken khasut
ḥḳꜢ-ḳni tkn-ḫꜢswt
The brave ruler who has attacked foreign lands
HqA-q:n:nw:D40-t:k:n:D54-N25:N25:N25
Sanctuary of Alexander facade at Akhmenu Hall in Karnak
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text III, 32
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Alexander the Great: Heqa heqau nu ta er djeref
Heqa heqau nu ta er djeref
ḥḳꜢ ḥḳꜢw nw tꜢ (r) ḏr=f
The ruler of the rulers of the entire land
HqA-q-HqA-HqA-q-N33AV-nw-N33AV-N17:N34-r:f
Pedestal from the temple of Alexander at the Bahariya Oasis
Bosch-Puche, The Egyptian Royal Titulary of Alexander, JEA, 99, 134-136
Horus name variant
Horus name of Alexander the Great: Tjema a
Tjema a
ṯmꜢ-Ꜥ
The sturdy-armed one
T:mA-a
Clepsydra fragment, Hermitage Museum no. 2507a
Bosch-Puche, The Egyptian Royal Titulary of Alexander, JEA, 99, 134
Nebty name
Nebty name of Alexander the Great: Mai wer pehty itj dju tau khasut
Mai wer pehty itj dju tau khasut
mꜢi wr-pḥty iṯ ḏww tꜢw ḫꜢswt
The lion, great of might, who takes possession of mountains, lands, and deserts
E23-wr:r-F9:F9-V15-N25:N25:N33A-N17:N17:N33A-N25:N25:N33A
Pedestal from the temple of Alexander at the Bahariya Oasis
Bosch-Puche, The Egyptian Royal Titulary of Alexander, JEA, 99, 138-139
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Alexander the Great: Ka nakht khui baqet heqa wadj-wer shenu en Aten
Ka nakht khui baqet heqa wadj-wer shenu en Aten
kꜢ [nḫt] ḫwi BꜢḳ[t] ḥḳꜢ wꜢḏ(-wr) šnw n itn
The (strong) bull who protects Egypt, the ruler of the sea and of what the sun encircles
E1:n-i-w&x-D40-q:t-b-D10-HqA-M14-N35A-V9:Z1A-i-t:n:/
Pedestal from the temple of Alexander at the Bahariya Oasis
Bosch-Puche, The Egyptian Royal Titulary of Alexander, JEA, 99, 140-141
Throne name
Throne name of Alexander the Great: Setep en Ra, mery Amun
Setep en Ra, mery Amun
stp.n-rꜤ mri-imn
Chosen by Ra and beloved of Amun
C2\-C12-stp:n:N36
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 4b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Alexander the Great: Setep en Ra mery Amun
Setep en Ra mery Amun
stp.n-rꜤ mri-imn
Chosen by Ra and beloved of Amun
mr\-C12A\-C2A-stp:n
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, II, 6
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:T3
Birth name
Birth name of Alexander the Great: Aleksindres
Aleksindres
Ꜥlksindrs
Alexandros (Alexander)
A-l:k:z-i-n:d:r:z
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 4c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Alexander the Great: Aleksendres
Aleksendres
Ꜥlksndrs
Alexandros (Alexander)
A-l:k:z-n:d:r:z
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 3a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Alexander the Great: Aleksindres
Aleksindres
Ꜥlksindrs
Alexandros (Alexander)
A-l:k-s-i-n:d:r:z
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 4a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 232-233, 1:E3

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 232–233
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 199–203
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 175–176
Bosch–Puche, F. The Egyptian Royal Titulary of Alexander, JEA 99 (2013): 131–154; JEA 100 (2014): 89–109

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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