Amenemhat III

Also known as: Amenemhet III
Dynasty XII
picture of Statue of Amenemhat III
The reign of Amenemhat III is regarded as the Golden Age of the Middle Kingdom, and he had the Great Canal built to link the Fayum with the Nile. His name in Manetho's king list is Lakhares or Lamaris, while Herodotus transcribed his name as Moerios, which Diodorus wrote as Moiris. His name is present on the Abydos and Saqqara king lists, and unfortunately the Turin Canon does not preserve his name, only a reign of 40+x years in location where his name would have been found.

Reign of Amenemhat III
AE Chronology1818–1773
Shaw1855–1808
Dodson1842–1794
Malek1859–1814
Arnold1844–1797
Grimal1842–1797
Franke1818–1773
Redford1843–1797
Turin Canon40+x years
Manetho8 years
Highest attestationYear 46

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Aa bau
Aa bau
 ꜤꜢ-bꜢw
 Great of might
aA:G30
Stela of Sehotepibra (CG 20538 recto)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 140g
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 6:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Ity iwat tawy
Ity iwat tawy
 iṯi-iwꜢt-tꜢwi
 He who inherited the Two Lands
V15:F44-N17:N17
Funerary stela CG 20536

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Wah ankh
Wah ankh
 wꜤḥ-Ꜥnḫ
 Enduring of life
G5-wAH*anx:nbw
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 138g
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 6:G3

Variants

Throne name
Throne name: Ni Maat Ra
Ni Maat Ra
 ni-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
 He who belongs to the Maat of Ra
ra:n-mAat
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 138g
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 6:T1

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Amenemhat
Amenemhat
 imn-m-ḥꜢt
 Amun is in front
i-mn:n-m-HAt:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 138g
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 6:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xii, 4 Λαχαρης Lakhares Lachares 8 years
Eusebius xii, 4 Λαμαρις Lamaris Lamaris 8 years
Herodotus 101.1 Μοιριος Moerius Moerius
Diodorus 1.51.5 Μοιρις Moiris Moeris
Eratosthenes 35 Μαρης Mares Mares 43 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 86–87
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 26–29
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 319–337
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 59

 

 



These pages came from: PHARAOH.SE






With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2018 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2018-01-31
𓏙𓋹𓆖