Amenmesse

Also known as: Amenmesses, Amenmose Dynasty XIX

Amenmesse somehow managed to usurp the throne at Thebes and parts of Upper Egypt from Seti II, but it only lasted a year or two before he was ousted and presumably killed.

Reign of Amenmesse
AE Chronology1202–1200
von Beckerath1203–1200
Dodson1200–1196
Malek1203–1200
Grimal1202–1199
Redford1226–1221
Manetho (Africanus)5 years
Manetho (Eusebius)26 years
Manetho (Jerome)26 years
Highest attestationYear 4

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Amenmesse: Ka nakht mery Maat semen tawy
Ka nakht mery Maat semen tawy
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt-smn-tꜢwi
Strong bull, beloved of Maat, he who strengthen the Two Lands
E1:D40-mAat-mr-U32-n:N17:N17:N21*N21
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 204e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenmesse: Ka nakht mery Maat semen [tawy]
Ka nakht mery Maat semen [tawy]
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt-smn-tꜢwi
Strong bull, beloved of Maat, he who strengthen [the Two Lands]
E1:D40-U7:i*i-C10A-s-Y1:n-Y1v-U32-[[-#b-N17:N17:N21*N21-#e-]]
Grapow, Ägyptologische Studien, VIO 29 (1955), 19
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenmesse: Ka nakht mery Maat semen tawy
Ka nakht mery Maat semen tawy
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt-smn-tꜢwi
Strong bull, beloved of Maat, he who strengthen the Two Lands
E1:D40-mAat-mr-i-i-mn:n:Y1-U32-M127-[[-#b-wAD-#e-]]
Grapow, Ägyptologische Studien, VIO 29 (1955), 19
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:H1
Nebty name
Nebty name of Amenmesse: Wer biaut mi Ipet-sut
Wer biaut mi Ipet-sut
wr-biꜢwt-m-ipt-swt
He who is great of miracles in Karnak Temple
wr:r-b-i-A-i-t-i-U16A:Aa15-i-p:t-st-Z2:O49
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 198
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Amenmesse: Aa khepesh, saa waset en mes su
Aa khepesh, saa waset en mes su
ꜤꜢ-ḫpš sꜤꜢ wꜢst n ms sw
The one great of might, who has magnified Thebes for the one who bore him
aA:xpS-s-aA:a-R19-t:O49-n:ms*s*sw
Hardwick, The Golden Horus Name of Amenmesse?, JEA 92 (2006), 255-260
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:G
Throne name
Throne name of Amenmesse: Men mi Ra, setep en Ra
Men mi Ra, setep en Ra
mn-mi-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Eternal like Ra, the chosen one of Ra
ra:mn-mi-i-stp&n&ra
Valley of Kings, tomb KV 10, gate B
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 202e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenmesse: Men mi Ra, setep en Ra
Men mi Ra, setep en Ra
mn-mi-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Eternal like Ra, the chosen one of Ra
U6\-C12\-C2-mn:stp&n&ra-mi
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 202d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Amenmesse: Amenmesse heqa Waset
Amenmesse heqa Waset
imn-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-wꜢst
Amenmesse, the Ruler of Thebes
C12-ms-s-s-HqA-q-R19
Valley of Kings, tomb KV 10, gate B
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 202e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenmesse: Amenmesse mery Ra heqa Waset
Amenmesse mery Ra heqa Waset
imn-msi-sw mri-rꜤ ḥḳꜤ-wꜢst
Amenmesse, the beloved of Ra and Ruler of Thebes
C2\-C12-ms-z:z-HqA-R19-N36
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 202d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 5:E2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xix, 5 Aμμενεμνης Ammenemnes Ammenemnes 5 years
Eusebius xix, 4 Aμμενεμης Ammenemes Ammenemes 26 years
Jerome 43 Ammenes 26 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 158–159
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 50–52
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 127–130
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 123–124

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

CC BY   Creative Commons
license


All content on this website is free to copy, redistribute and adapt in any medium or format, provided you give the appropriate credit. Yes, this includes images and texts. Keep information free!

This page was retrieved from PHARAOH.SE
PHARAOH.SE
© 2011–2021 by Peter Lundström — Some Rights Reserved — V. 4.0
Disclaimer: Content should be accurate, but errors and/or omissions are possible.
All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources! Best on a large screen.