Darius III

 Dynasty XXXI


Reign of Darius III
AE Chronology335–332
von Beckerath335–332
Shaw336–332
Dodson335–332
Redford335–332
Manetho (Africanus)4 years
Manetho (Eusebius)6 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Birth name
Birth name of Darius III: Deriush
Deriush
driwš
Darius
ini-T:r-w-M8A
Mond & Myers, The Bucheum, plate 37 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 230-231, 3:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxxi, 3 Δαρειος Dareios Darius 4 years
Eusebius xxxi, 3 Δαρειος Dareios Darius 6 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 230–231
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 173

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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