Kamose

Also known as: Kamesiu Dynasty XVII

Kamose continued and expanded the campaign against the Hyksos of the fifteenth dynasty that was started by his father Seqenenra. He advanced north but did not reach the delta, instead focusing on Kush to the south which was allies of the Hyksos. When he suddenly died, his brother Ahmose became king, and he was ultimately the one to finish what his father and brother had started – the explusion of the hated Hyksos rulers.

Reign of Kamose
AE Chronology?–1540
Ryholt1554–1549
Shaw1555–1550
Dodson1553–1549
Redford1571–1569

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Kamose: Kha her nesetef
Kha her nesetef
ḫꜤi-ḥr-nst.f
The one who has appeared on his throne
xa:a-D2:Z1-g*t:f
Lacau, Une stèle du roi “Kamosis”, ASAE 39 (1939): 245-271, pls. 37-38
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Kamose: Kha her nesetef
Kha her nesetef
ḫꜤi-ḥr-nst.f
The one who has appeared on his throne
xa:a:Y1-D2:Z1-g:t*O1-f
Gardiner, The Defeat of the Hyksos by Kamōse: The Carnarvon Tablet, No. I, JEA 3 (1916): 97
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Kamose: Nefer hab tawy
Nefer hab tawy
nfr-hꜤb-tꜢwi
The perfect one is the sickle of the Two Lands
nfr-K4:A-b-N11:N17:N17
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Kamose: Sedjefa tawy
Sedjefa tawy
sḏfꜢ-tꜢwi
The one who has provisioned the Two Lands
s-D:f-D40:N17:N17
von Bissing, Ein thebanischer Grabfund aus dem Anfang des Neuen Reiches, plate 4 (8)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:H4
Nebty name
Nebty name of Kamose: Wehem menu
Wehem menu
wḥm-mnw
Who has renewed monuments
F25-Y5:N35-W24*W24:W24
Vandersleyen, L'Egypte et la vallée du Nil, 2, 195
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Kamose: Wehem menu
Wehem menu
wḥm-mnw
Who has renewed monuments
F25-G17-A2-Y5:N35-W24-W-Y1:Z2
Gardiner, The Defeat of the Hyksos by Kamōse: The Carnarvon Tablet, No. I, JEA 3 (1916): 97
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:N2
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Kamose: Seher tawy
Seher tawy
shrw-tꜢwi
The one who has pleased the Two Lands
s-h:r-Y1-N17:N17:N23*N23
Gardiner, The Defeat of the Hyksos by Kamōse: The Carnarvon Tablet, No. I, JEA 3 (1916): 97
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:G
Throne name
Throne name of Kamose: Wadj kheper Ra
Wadj kheper Ra
wꜢḏ-ḫpr-rꜤ
The flourishing one is the manifestation of Ra
N5-M13-Y1v-L1
Habachi, The Second Stela of Kamose and the struggle against the Hyksos Ruler and His Capital, ADAIK 8 (1972): pl. 7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Kamose: Wadj kheper Ra
Wadj kheper Ra
wꜢḏ-ḫpr-rꜤ
The flourishing one is the manifestation of Ra
ra-w-wAD-xpr
Bissing, Ein Thebanischer Grabfund aus dem Anfang des Neuen Reichs, plate 9 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Kamose: Wadj kheper Ra nakht
Wadj kheper Ra nakht
wꜢḏ-ḫpr-rꜤ nḫt
The flourishing one is the manifestation of Ra is victorious
ra-wAD-Y1v-xpr-A24
Habachi, The Second Stela of Kamose and the struggle against the Hyksos Ruler and His Capital, ADAIK 8 (1972): pl. 7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Kamose: Ka mesu
Ka mesu
kꜢ-ms(w)
The bull is born
D170A-E1-ms-s-Z5
Gardiner, The Defeat of the Hyksos by Kamōse: The Carnarvon Tablet, No. I, JEA 3 (1916): 97
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Kamose: Ka mesu
Ka mesu
kꜢ-ms(w)
The bull is born
kA-ms:z
Bissing, Ein Thebanischer Grabfund aus dem Anfang des Neuen Reichs, plate 12 (8-9)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Kamose: Ka mesu nakht(u)
Ka mesu nakht(u)
kꜢ-ms(w) nḫt(w)
Kamose the victorious
kA-ms-s-A24
Lacau, Une stèle du roi “Kamosis”, ASAE 39 (1939): 245-271, pls. 37-38
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Kamose: Ka mesu nakht(u)
Ka mesu nakht(u)
kꜢ-ms(w) nḫt(w)
Kamose the victorious
kA:D52-ms-s-A24
Habachi, The Second Stela of Kamose and the struggle against the Hyksos Ruler and His Capital, ADAIK 8 (1972): pl. 7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 15:E2

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 130–131
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 162–165
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 165–167
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 91

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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