Khufu

Also known as: Cheops
Dynasty IV

The name of the pharaoh who had the Great pyramid at Giza built is of course the well known pharaoh Cheops, which is the hellenized version of his birth name, Khufu. He also used the longer Khnum-Khuf(u), most likely to accentuate his divine connection with the ram-headed creator god Khnum.

Manetho records indicate that Khufu ruled for 63 years, while Herodotus say 50, but the Turin King-list only 23 years. The exact number of years is not known, but 27 is considered as the lowest possibility, while it might be as high as 46 years, or more.

Reign of Khufu
AE Chronology2509–2483
von Beckerath2579–2556
Shaw2589–2566
Dodson2470–2447
Allen2551–2528
Malek2549–2526
Arnold2555–2520
Redford2609–2584
Turin Canon23 years
Manetho (Africanus)63 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Medjedu
Medjedu
 mḏdw
 Who has been adhered to/followed
Aa24-w
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 2b+d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 2:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Medjeder
Medjeder
 mḏd-r
 Who has adhered to the Two Ladies
Aa24:r
Tomb of Chemetnu (Giza G5210)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 26a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 2:N1
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Bikui-nebu
Bikui-nebu
 bik.wi-nb.w
 The golden double falcon
G5*G5:nbw
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 2b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 2:G1
Throne name
Throne name: Khufu
Khufu
 ḫwfw
 He protects me
x-w-f-w
Tomb of Iymeri (Giza G6020)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 50b

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus iv, 2 Σoυφις Souphis Suphis 63 years
Eusebius iv, 3 Σoυφις Souphis Soyphis
Herodotus 124 Χεοπα Kheops Cheops
Diodorus 1.63.2 Χεμμις Khemmis Chemmis 50 years
Eratosthenes 15 Σαωφις Saophis Saophis 29 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 52–53
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 189–191
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 72–83
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 35

 

 

With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2017 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2.02
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