Mentuhotep I

Also known as: Mentuhotep-aa Dynasty XI

Mentuhotep I is likely present on the Karnak king list, with both his Horus and Birth names, though both are damaged. He was most likely considered the founder of the eleventh dynasty and given the pharaonic title posthumously. His throne name is unknown, and he likely didn't have one as there are no archeological evidence he actually ruled as king.

Reign of Mentuhotep I
AE Chronologyc. 1980–?
von Beckerath2119–2103


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Mentuhotep I: Tepia
The ancestor
Prisse, Monuments Égyptiens, plate I, 13 (Karnak King-list 12)
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums IV, 608 (II.4)
Birth name
Birth name of Mentuhotep I: Men..
Karnak king list 12
The Horus name (above) is visible before the cartouche.
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums IV, 608 (II.4)
Birth name variant
Birth name of Mentuhotep I: It netjeru Mentuhotep aa mery Satet nebet Abu
It netjeru Mentuhotep aa mery Satet nebet Abu
it-nṯrw mnṯw-ḥtp(w) ꜤꜢ-mry-sṯt-nbt-Ꜣbw
The God's father Mentuhotep the great, beloved of Satet, lady of Elephantine
ASAE, 55, 178
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 76-77, 1:E1


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 76–77
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 222–223
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 53


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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