Mentuhotep III

Also known as: Montuhotep III Dynasty XI

The ankh sign in Mentuhotep III's throne name S-ankh-ka-ra might have been erroneously inscribed as the similar looking nefer on the Karnak king list. This would explain pharaoh Sneferkara is sitting just behind Mentuhotep II instead of Sankhkara.

Reign of Mentuhotep III
AE Chronology1958–1947
von Beckerath1995–1983
Shaw2004–1992
Dodson2014–2001
Malek1999–1987
Grimal2009–1997
Franke1957–1945
Redford2000–1998
Turin Canon12 (years)

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Mentuhotep III: Sankh tawyf
Sankh tawyf
sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi.f
The one who invigorates the Two Lands
s-anx-N17:N17:f
Hammamat inscription
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §34
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 150a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 6:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Mentuhotep III: Sankh tawyf
Sankh tawyf
sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi.f
The one who invigorates the Two Lands
s-anx-N17:N17:f
Hammamat inscription
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §34
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 150a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 6:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Mentuhotep III: Bik nebu hotep
Bik nebu hotep
bik-nbw-ḥtp
The one who is satisfied
Htp*G5:nbw
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §34
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 6:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Mentuhotep III: Bik nebu menkh
Bik nebu menkh
bik-nbw-mnḫ
mnx*G5:nbw
Hammamat inscription
Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments Égyptiens, plate VI
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 150a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 6:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Mentuhotep III: Sankh ka Ra
Sankh ka Ra
s-Ꜥnḫ-kꜢ-rꜤ
The one whom the ka of Ra has sustained
ra-s-anx-kA
Abydos king list 58
Saqqara king list 14
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 6:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Mentuhotep III: Sankh ka..
Sankh ka..
s-Ꜥnḫ-kꜢ..
s-anx-n:x-kA
Royal Canon of Turin 6.17
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), V:17
Throne name variant
Throne name of Mentuhotep III: Snefer ka Ra
Snefer ka Ra
s-nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The one whom the ka of Ra has made perfect
ra-s-nfr-kA
Karnak king list 30
Error by scribe: wrote nefer insted of ankh.
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 6:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Mentuhotep III: Mentuhotep
Mentuhotep
mnṯw-ḥtp
Montu is content
mn:n:T-w-Htp:t*p
Bibliotheca Aegyptica, X, §34
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 6:E

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 80–81
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 227–229
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 243–246
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 55

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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