Merenptah

Also known as: Merneptah
Dynasty XIX

Merenptah was the thirteenth son of Ramesses II and ascended the throne when he was at least sixty years old. While Manetho records that he ruled for 20 years, it was probably only about half of that.

Reign of Merenptah
AE Chronology1213–1203
von Beckerath1213–1203
Shaw1213–1203
Dodson1212–1201
Malek1213–1203
Arnold1224–1214
Grimal1212–1202
Redford1237–1226
Manetho (Africanus)20 years
Manetho (Eusebius)40 years
Manetho (Jerome)40 years
Highest attestationYear 10

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Ka nakht ha em Maat
Ka nakht ha em Maat
 kꜢ-nḫt ḥi-m-mꜢꜤt
 The strong bull who rejoiced in Truth
E1:D40-V71-A28-m-H6
Libyan war stela of Merenptah (Athribis stela), Cairo JdE 50568 (recto)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 20:8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 156-157, 4:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Iri bau er ta en Temehu
Iri bau er ta en Temehu
 iri-bꜢw-r-tꜢ-n-ṯmhw
 Who exercised power against the land of the Temehu
D4:G30-Z3-r:N16:Z1*N21-N-ti-m-H-w-T14-A1*A1:N17-Z3
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 20:9
Athribis stela, Cairo JdE 50568
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 156-157, 4:N1

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Neb senedj aa shefyt
Neb senedj aa shefyt
 nb-snḏ ꜤꜢ-šfit
 Lord of fear and great of majesty
nb:snD-aA:N37:f-F8
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 1:9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 156-157, 4:G1

Variants

Throne name
Throne name: Ba en Ra, mery netjeru
Ba en Ra, mery netjeru
 bꜢ-n-rꜤ mri-nṯrw
 The soul of Ra, beloved of the Gods
ra-E1:n-N36:R8A
Mariette, Abydos II, pl. 50
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 4:T8

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Mer en Ptah, hotep her Maat
Mer en Ptah, hotep her Maat
 mri-n-ptḥ ḥtp-ḥr-mꜢꜤt
 Beloved of Ptah, Maat is satisfied
C102\-C10A-N36:n-Htp:D2*Z1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 31
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 158-159, 4:E1

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xix, 3 Aμενεφθης Amenephthes Amenephthes 20 years
Eusebius xix, 3 Aμμενεφθίς Ammenephthis Ammenephthis 40 years
Jerome 41 Ammenophis 40 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 156–159
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 205–208
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 113–126
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 120–122

 

 



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With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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