Neferefra Isi

Also known as: Neferefre, Raneferef Dynasty V

Neferefra was the eldest son of Neferirkara, but he died after only about a year of rule. It is possible that Shepseskara managed to usurp the throne for a short period before being ousted by Neferefra's brother Niuserra. He is included on Manetho's king list as Kheres, which is a greek transcription of the erroneous name Khaneferra from the records of the Ramesside scribes.

Reign of Neferefra Isi
AE Chronology2403
von Beckerath2431–2420
Shaw2448–2445
Dodson2362–2359
Allen2431–2420
Malek2418–2408
Redford2475–2474
Turin Canon1 year
Manetho (Africanus)20 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Neferefra Isi: Nefer khau
Nefer khau
nfr-ḫꜤw
Perfect of appearances
nfr-xaw
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20382)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 5:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Neferefra Isi: Neferem
Neferem
nfr-m
Who is perfect by means of the Two Ladies
nfr-m
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20382)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 5:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Neferefra Isi: Nefer bik nebu
Nefer bik nebu
nfr-bik-nbw
The perfect golden falcon
nfr*G7:nbw
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Königlichen Museen zu Berlin, (20382)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 5:G
Throne name
Throne name of Neferefra Isi: Neferef Ra
Neferef Ra
nfr.f-rꜤ
He is perfect (like) Ra
ra-nfr-f
Abydos king list 29
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 5:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Neferefra Isi: Kha nefer Ra*
Kha nefer Ra*
ḫꜤ-nfr-rꜤ
Perfect appearance (like) Ra
ra-xa-nfr
Saqqara king list 30
The kha sign was likely due to an error in the Ramesside records.
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 5:T3
Birth name
Birth name of Neferefra Isi: Isi
Isi
izi
i-z-i
Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und altertumskunde, 50, pp. 1-6
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 5:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus v, 5 Χερης Kheres Cheres 20 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 58–59
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 249–251
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 120–122
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 39

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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