Neferneferuaten

Also known as: Nefertiti, Meritaten
Dynasty XVIII
picture of Berlin bust of Nefertiti
Neferneferuaten was a female pharaoh who most likely was Akhenatens wife Nefertiti, but it is also possible that she was their daughter Meritaten, the wife of Smenkhkara. The throne name Ankhkheperura was used by both Neferneferuaten and Smenkhkara, which has led to a great deal of confusion as throne names tended to be unique.
It is now widely accepted that when Ankhkheperura include an epiteth, it belongs to Neferneferuaten, and where no epiteth is included, it belongs to Smekhkara. It is even possible that both names refer to only one pharaoh.

Manetho mentions Akencheres, a daughter of the king that ruled for 12 years toward the end of the dynasty, according to Josephus.

Reign of Neferneferuaten
AE Chronology1334–?
Dodson1346–1343
Manetho (Josephus)12y 1m
Manetho (Africanus)12 years
Manetho (Eusebius)12 years
Manetho (Jerome)12 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name: Ankhet kheperu Ra, meryt wa en Ra
Ankhet kheperu Ra, meryt wa en Ra
 Ꜥnḫt-ḫprw-rꜤ mri-wꜤ-n-rꜤ
 The (very) life of the manifestations of Ra, beloved of Waenra
ra-anx:t-xpr:Z2-N36:t*ra-wa:n
Scarab seal
Petrie, Tell el Amarna, plate XV (94)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 142-143, 10bis:T

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Nefer neferu Aten, akhet en hyes
Nefer neferu Aten, akhet en hyes
 nfr-nfrw-itn Ꜣḫt-n-h(i).s
 Perfect is the perfection of Aten, effective for her husband
i-t:n:ra-nfr-nfr-nfr-nfr-t&G25&t-n:O4:z
Gabolde, D’Akhenaton à Tout-ânkhamon, fig. 9 and 10

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 13 Aχερρης Akherres Acherres 12 years
Eusebius xviii, 9 Aχενχερσης Akhenkherses Achencherses 12 years
Jerome Achencheres 12 years
Josephus 96 Aκεγχερης Akenkheres ♀ Acencheres ♀ 12 years, 1 month

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 142–143
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 273–275
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 105

 

 



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With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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