Neferusobek

Also known as: Sobekneferu
Dynasty XII

Neferusobek is the first queen of Egypt that can be verified to actually have ruled as a pharaoh. Her name is present in Manetho's king list as Skemiophris, which is a transcription into Greek of her birth name. Her name is also found in the Turin Canon preserving her reign as 3 years, 10 months and 24 days. Her throne name is found on the Saqqara king list number 22, and her birth name might have occupied Karnak king list number 22.

Reign of Neferusobek
AE Chronology1763–1760
von Beckerath1798–1794
Shaw1799–1795
Dodson1785–1781
Malek1805–1801
Arnold1787–1783
Grimal1790–1785
Franke1763–1759
Redford1790–1786
Turin Canon3y 10m 24d
Manetho (Africanus)4 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Meryt Ra
Meryt Ra
 mri-t-rꜤ
 Beloved of Ra
ra:Z1-U7:t
Petrie, A history of Egypt, I, p. 197 (British Museum EA16581)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 8:H2

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Sat sekhem nebet tawy
Sat sekhem nebet tawy
 sꜢt-sḫm-nbt-tꜢwi
 Daughter of the powerful one, mistress of the Two Lands
zA&t-sxm-nb:t:N17:N17
Petrie, A history of Egypt, I, p. 197 (British Museum EA16581)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 8:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Djedet khau
Djedet khau
 ḏdt-ḫꜤw
 Established of crowns
Dd*(t:xa)*G5:nbw
Petrie, A history of Egypt, I, p. 197 (British Museum EA16581)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 8:G
Throne name
Throne name: Sobek ka Ra
Sobek ka Ra
 sbk-kꜢ-rꜤ
 Sobek is the Ka of Ra
ra-I4-kA
Saqqara king list 22
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 8:T
Birth name
Birth name: Sobek neferu Ra
Sobek neferu Ra
 sbk-nfrw-rꜤ
 The beauty of Sobek and Ra
ra-I4-nfr-w
Karnak king list 22
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 609 (III 5)
Traces of neferu visible on early drawings.

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xii, 7 Σκεμιoφρις Skemiophris ♀ Scemiophris 4 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 86–87
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 455–457
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 341–343
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 60

 

 



These pages came from: PHARAOH.SE






With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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