Nemtiemsaf II

Also known as: Nemtyemsaf II, Merenre II Dynasty VI

In older literature Nemtiemsaf was known as Antiemsaf, but this has been proven to be incorrect. The correct reading is Nemtiemsaf. His name is included in Manetho's king list as Menthesouphis, which could be a Greek transcription of Merenra. To distinguish him from his namesake, Nemtiemsaf I, he is often numbered as Merenra II, but there is no contemporary evidence that his throne name was Merenra. The Abydos king list (39) gives his name as Merenra djefa em saf, which could note a lacuna in the Ramesside records for the nemty-sign.

Reign of Nemtiemsaf II
AE Chronology2152
von Beckerath2194–2193
Turin Canon1y 1m
Manetho (Africanus)1 year


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name of Nemtiemsaf II: Name missing
Name missing
Royal Canon of Turin 5.6
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), IV:6
Birth name
Birth name of Nemtiemsaf II: Nemty em saf
Nemty em saf
Nemty is his protection
Jequier, Les pyramides des reines Neit et Apouit, 55
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), VI, 6 E
Throne + Birth name
Throne + Birth name of Nemtiemsaf II: Mer en Ra djefa em saf*
Mer en Ra djefa em saf*
mr-n-rꜤ ḏfꜢ-m-sꜢ-f
The one Ra has loved, (Nemty) is his protection
Abydos king list 39
The Djefa-sign note a lacuna in the Ramesside records, likely for the Nemty sign.
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 64-65, 5:T+E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus vi, 5 Μενφεσουφις Menthesouphis Menthesuphis 1 years
Eratosthenes 21 Εχεσκοσοκαρας Ekheskosokaras Echescosocaras 1 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 64–65
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 211–213
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 176
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 43


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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