Also known as: Netjerikare, Nitocris Dynasty VIII

The Turin papyrus (5.7) holds the throne name Netiqerti, which has long been thought to belong to queen Nitocris who is mentioned by Herodotus in a story where she takes revenge on the people that murdered her brother, an unnamed king. Manetho places Nitocris in the sixth dynasty, as the builder of Menkaura's pyramid at Giza, which shows the limits of relying too blindly on his writings.

The Turin papyrus also hold the birth name Siptah (son of Ptah), which indicates that the name is maculine, but the name Netiqerti is clearly feminine, which muddles the gender identification. It is however likely that a corruption in the records of the throne name Netjerikara ocurred, during the centuries leading to the New Kingdom. Netjerikara is present on the Abydos king list (40) directly following Nemtiemsaf II, but absent from the other New Kingdom king lists.

Reign of Netjerikara
von Beckerath2193–2191
Turin Canon...
Manetho (Africanus)12 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name of Netjerikara: Netjeri ka Ra*
Netjeri ka Ra*
The divine one of the ka of Ra
Abydos king list 40
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 66-67, 1:T
Throne + Birth name
Throne + Birth name of Netjerikara: Net iqerti sa Ptah*
Net iqerti sa Ptah*
nit-iḳr-ti zꜢ-ptḥ
Neith is excellent, born of Ptah?
Royal Canon of Turin 5.7
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), IV:8
Nitiqerty is most likely a corruption of Netjerikara.
ZÄS , 127, 92-93

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus vi, 6 Νιτωκρις Nitokris ♀ Nitocris 12 years
Eusebius vi Νιτωκρις Nitokris Nitocris
Herodotus 100.2 Νιτωκρις Nitokris Nitocris
Eratosthenes 22 Νιτωκρις Nitokris Nitocris 6 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 64–65
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 279–280
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 177–178, 180
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 43–44
Ryholt, K. (2000). "The Late Old Kingdom in the Turin King–list and the Identity of Nitocris." ZÄS 127, 87–100.
Callender, G. (2011). "Queen Neit–ikrety/Nitokris." Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2010/1. 247–260
Newberry, P. (1943). "Queen Nitocris of the Sixth Dynasty." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 29, 51–54


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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