Pepi II

Also known as: Pepy II, Neferkare
Dynasty VI

Pepi II became king when he was six years old, and according to Manetho, he went on to rule for 94 years. That he did rule for some sixty odd years can be corroborated, but anything more than that is uncertain. His long reign is thought to have led to stagnation of the administration of the kingdom, and was perhaps a key ingredient of the fall of the Old Kingdom. Manetho trancribed Pepi into Greek as Phiops.

Reign of Pepi II
AE Chronology2216–2153
von Beckerath2254–2194
Shaw2278–2184
Dodson2212–2118
Allen2246–2152
Malek2236–2143
Franke2245–2180
Redford2300–2206
Turin Canon90+x years
Manetho (Africanus)94 years
Highest attestationYear 62

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Pepi II: Netjer khau
Netjer khau
 nṯr.i-ẖꜤw
 Divine of appearances
nTr-xa-w
Sethe, Die Altaegyptischen Pyramidentexte nach den Papierabdrucken und Photographien des Berliner Museums, I, 7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 64-65, 5:H

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name of Pepi II: Netjeri khau
Netjeri khau
 nṯr.i-ẖꜤw
 The divine one of the appearances of the Two Ladies
nTr-xa-w
Sethe, Die Altaegyptischen Pyramidentexte nach den Papierabdrucken und Photographien des Berliner Museums, I, 7
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 116a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 64-65, 5:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Pepi II: Bik nebu sekhem
Bik nebu sekhem
 bik-nbw-sẖm
 The powerful golden falcon
sxm*G5:nbw
Sethe, Die Altaegyptischen Pyramidentexte nach den Papierabdrucken und Photographien des Berliner Museums, I, 7
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 116a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 64-65, 5:G
Throne name
Throne name of Pepi II: Nefer ka Ra*
Nefer ka Ra*
 nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
 The perfect one of the ka of Ra
ra-nfr-kA
Abydos king list 38
Saqqara king list 23
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 113g

Variants

Birth name
Birth name of Pepi II: Pepi
Pepi
 pipi
 Pepi
p:p-i-i
Passim
Sethe, Die Altaegyptischen Pyramidentexte nach den Papierabdrucken und Photographien des Berliner Museums, I

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus vi, 4 Φιωψ Phiops Phiops 94 years
Eusebius v, 4 Φιωψ Phiops Phiops 94 years
Eratosthenes 20 Aπαππους Apappous Apappus 100 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 64–65
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 295–297
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 169–176
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 43

 

 



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