Psamtik II

Also known as: Psammetichus II Dynasty XXVI


Reign of Psamtik II
595–589
Manetho (Africanus)6 years
Manetho (Eusebius)17 years
Manetho (Jerome)12 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Psamtik II: Menekh ib
Menekh ib
mnḫ-ib
Splendid of mind
mn:x*ib
Young, Hieroglyphics (1828), II, pl. 63
ASAE, 11, 192
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 3:H1
Nebty name
Nebty name of Psamtik II: User a
User a
wsr-Ꜥ
Strong-armed
wsr-s-r:a
Daressy, Quelques inscriptions provenant de Bubastis, ASAE 11 (1911): 192
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 3:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Psamtik II: User a
User a
wsr-Ꜥ
Strong-armed
wsr*s-r:D339:Z1:a
Young, Hieroglyphics (1828), II, pl. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 3:N2
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Psamtik II: Senefer tawy
Senefer tawy
snfr-tꜢwi
Who has made the Two Lands perfect
s-nfr-N17:N17:N21*N21
Young, Hieroglyphics (1828), II, pl. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 3:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Psamtik II: Nefer ib Ra
Nefer ib Ra
nfr-ib-rꜤ
The perfect one is the (very) mind of Ra
ra-nfr-ib
Young, Hieroglyphics (1828), II, pl. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 3:T1
Birth name
Birth name of Psamtik II: Psemtek
Psemtek
psmtk
Psamtik
p-s-m-T:k
Young, Hieroglyphics (1828), II, pl. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 3:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvi, 6 Ψαμμουθις Psammouthis Psammuthis 6 years
Eusebius xxvi, 7 Ψαμμουθις Psammouthis Psammuthis II 17 years
Jerome Psammites also called Psammeticus 12 years
Herodotus 159.3 Ψαμμι Psammi Psammis

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 216–217
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 92–104
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 165–166

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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