Psusennes I

 Dynasty XXI


Reign of Psusennes I
AE Chronology1051–1006
von Beckerath1044–994
Shaw1039–991
Dodson1034–981
Redford1055–1004
Manetho (Africanus)46 years
Manetho (Eusebius)41 years
Manetho (Jerome)41 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Psusennes I: Ka nakht em ded Amun, user fau,
sekha em Waset
Ka nakht em ded Amun, user fau, sekha em Waset
kꜢ-nḫt m-Ꜣwi-imn wsr-fꜢw sḫꜤi-m-wꜢst
The strong bull through the gift of Amun, rich in splendor, who has been made to appear in Thebes
E2:D40-m-D37:D37-i-mn:n-wsr-f:F40:W-s-xa:a-m-R19-t:O49
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, 96-97, fig. 38, pl. 55
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Psusennes I: Wer menu em Ipet-sut, neb pehty, waf tawy, wah nesyt mi Ra em pet
Wer menu em Ipet-sut, neb pehty, waf tawy, wah nesyt mi Ra em pet
wr-mnw-m-ipt-swt nb-pḥti-wꜤf-tꜢwi-wꜢḥ-nsit-mi-rꜤ-m-pt
Great of monuments in Karnak, the possessor of might who has subdued the Two Lands, the one enduring of kingship like Ra in heaven
wr:r-mn:n:nw*nw*nw-m-i-p:t-st-3:O49-nb:F9*F9-G45:f-N17:N17:N21*N21-wAH-t-sw-ra:m-mi-p*t:N1
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, 135-136, fig. 51, pl. 107
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Psusennes I: Sema tau, der pedjut 9, itj em sekhemef em tau nebu
Sema tau, der pedjut 9, itj em sekhemef em tau nebu
smꜢ-tꜢw dr-pḏt iṯi-sḫm.f-m-tꜢw-nbw
Who has united lands, repelled the Nine Bows, and seized with his strong arm all lands
zmA-L1:3-d:r:D40-pD:t*3:3*3-iTi:D40-m-m:f-sxm-m-N17:N17:N17:N21*N21-nb:W*3
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, 96-97, fig. 38, pl. 55
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:G
Throne name
Throne name of Psusennes I: Aa kheper Ra, setep en Amun
Aa kheper Ra, setep en Amun
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The great one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra:aA-xpr-C12-stp:n
Mariette, Monuments divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie (1872), II, pl. 102c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Psusennes I: Aa kheper Ra, setep en Amun
Aa kheper Ra, setep en Amun
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The great one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-O29v-xpr-i-mn:n:stp:N17
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, 96-97, fig. 38, pl. 55
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Psusennes I: Aa kheper Ra, mery Amun
Aa kheper Ra, mery Amun
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-rꜤ mri-imn
The great one is a manifestation of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-O29v-xpr-i-mn:n:U7
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, 170, fig. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Psusennes I: Aa kheper Ra, setep en Maat
Aa kheper Ra, setep en Maat
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-mꜢꜤt
The great one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Maat
ra:aA-xpr-C10A-stp:n
Squatting statue (Cairo Museum CG 626)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:T4
Birth name
Birth name of Psusennes I: Pa seba kha en niut
Pa seba kha en niut
pꜢ-sbꜢ-ḫꜤi-n-niwt
The star who has appeared in Niut (Thebes)
G40-N14:xa-n:O49*t
Daressy, Contribution à l'étude de la XXIe dynastie égyptienne, Revue Archeologique 1896/01 (SER3,T28): 76
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Psusennes I: Pa seba kha en niut mery Amun
Pa seba kha en niut mery Amun
pꜢ-sbꜢ-ḫꜢi-n-niwt mri-imn
The star who has appeared in Niut (Thebes), beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-G40-N14*xa:n:O49
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, 96-97, fig. 38, pl. 55
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Psusennes I: Hem netjer tepy en Amun, Pa seba kha en niut
Hem netjer tepy en Amun, Pa seba kha en niut
ḥm-nṯr tpi-n-imn pꜢ-sbꜢ-ḫꜤi-n-niwt
High Priest of Amun, The star who has appeared in Niut (Thebes)
nTr-U36-D1*p:n-i-mn:n-G40-N14*xa:n:O49
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, 170, fig. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 3:E3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxi, 2 Ψουσεννης Psousennes Psusennes 46 years
Eusebius xxi, 2 Ψουσεννης Psousennes Psusennes 41 years
Jerome Psusennes 41 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 178–179
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 289–291
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 139–140

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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