Ptolemy IV

Also known as: Ptolemaios Philopator Ptolemaic Dynasty


Reign of Ptolemy IV
von Beckerath221–205
Shaw221–205
Dodson222–205
Redford222–205

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ptolemy IV: Hunu qeni sekha en su itef
Hunu qeni sekha en su itef
ḥnw-ḳni sḫꜤi.n-sw-it.f
The strong youth whose father has allowed him to appear
H-wn:nw*W-A17-q*nw:Z9:D40-s-xa:a:n:z-t:f:p:f
Deir el-Medina temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 16a
Horus name variant A
Horus name (variant A) of Ptolemy IV: Hunu qeni sekhaen su itef
Hunu qeni sekhaen su itef
ḥnw-ḳni sḫꜤi.n-sw-it.f
The strong youth whose father has allowed him to appear
H-wn:nw*W-A17-q*nw:Z9:D40-s-xa:a:n-sw-w-t:f:1:f
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie (1872), II, pl. 26a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 4:H
Horus name variant B
Horus name (variant B) of Ptolemy IV: Hunu qeni sekhaen su itef
Hunu qeni sekhaen su itef
ḥnw-ḳni sḫꜤi.n-sw-it.f
The strong youth whose father has allowed him to appear
H-wn:n-nw:W-A17-q*nw:D40-s-xa:a:n:z-t:f:1:f
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 15c
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ptolemy IV: Wer pehty, menekh ib kher netjeru nebu nedjty en henmemet
Wer pehty, menekh ib kher netjeru nebu nedjty en henmemet
wr-pḥti mnḫ-ib-ḫr-nṯrw-nbw nḏti-n-ḥnmmt
Whose might is great, whose heart is beneficial with all the Gods, who is the savior of mankind
wr:r-F9:F9-mnx:D2-x:r-nTr-Z2:nb-Aa27D-t*y:A40-n:N8-A1:Z2
Deir el-Medina temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 16a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 4:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy IV: Sewedja baqet, sehedj gesu-peru semen hepu mi Djehuty aa, neb habu-sed mi Ptah-Tatenen ity mi Ra
Sewedja baqet, sehedj gesu-peru semen hepu mi Djehuty aa, neb habu-sed mi Ptah-Tatenen ity mi Ra
swḏꜢ-bꜢḳt sḥḏ-gsw-prw smn-hpw-mi ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ nb-ḥbw-sd-mi-ptḥ-tꜢ-ṯnn ity-mi-rꜤ
Who has kept Baqet safe by illuminating the temples and establishing laws like the twice-great Thoth, possessor of Sed festivals like Ptah Tatenen and a sovereign like Ra
z:U29A-D10:t*O49-z:ra*T5-O71-O71-O71-z:U32*(h*p:H27:3)-G191-aAv-aAv-mi-nb:O23P-Z3-p:t-H-C18C:U7-A311-N6:1-m
Edfu temple
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 62
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 4:G
Throne name
Throne name of Ptolemy IV: Iwa en netjerwy menekhwy, setep en Ptah, user ka Ra, sekhem ankh Amun
Iwa en netjerwy menekhwy, setep en Ptah, user ka Ra, sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-mnḫwi stp.n-ptḥ wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
The heir of the two potent gods, chosen by Ptah, the strong one of the ka of Ra, the living image of Amun
mnx*nTr-mnx*nTr-F44:n-p:t-H-stp:n-N-kA*wsr-C12\-C2-sxm-anx
Karnak monolithic temple remains
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 15c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 236-237, 4:T
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy IV: Iwa en netjerwy menekhwy, setep en Ptah, user ka Ra, sekhem ankh Amun
Iwa en netjerwy menekhwy, setep en Ptah, user ka Ra, sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-mnḫwi stp.n-ptḥ wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
The heir of the two potent gods, chosen by Ptah, the strong one of the ka of Ra, the living image of Amun
mnx*nTr-mnx*nTr-F44:n-p:t-H-stp:n-wsr-kA-C2B\-C12-sxm-anx
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie (1872), II, pl. 26a
Birth name
Birth name of Ptolemy IV: Ptolemis ankh djet mery Aset
Ptolemis ankh djet mery Aset
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-Ꜣst
Ptolemy, living forever, beloved of Isis
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&&&(t:N17)-st:t-mr
Karnak monolithic temple remains
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 26a
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 15c

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

GreekTransliterationTranscription
Πτολεμαιος Φιλοπατωρ Ptolemaios Philopatōr Ptolemy Philopater

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 236–237
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 263–274
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 180

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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