Ptolemy X

Also known as: Ptolemaios Alexander Ptolemaic Dynasty


Reign of Ptolemy X
von Beckerath107–88
Shaw107–88
Dodson110–88
Redford107–88

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ptolemy X: Netjeri em khet Khnum en su hapu ankh her meskhen(et) Hunu nefer bener merut sekha en su mutef her neset itef Tjema-a hui khasut Itj em sekhemef mi ra pesdjef em akhet
Netjeri em khet Khnum en su hapu ankh her meskhen(et) Hunu nefer bener merut sekha en su mutef her neset itef Tjema-a hui khasut Itj em sekhemef mi ra pesdjef em akhet
nṯri-m-ẖt ẖnm.n-sw-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ-ḥr-msḫn(t) ḥwnw-nfr bnr-mrwt sḫꜤi.n-sw-mwt.f-ḥr-nst-it.f ṯmꜢ-Ꜥḥwi-ḫꜢswt iṯi-m-sḫm.f-mi-rꜤ-psḏ.f-m-Ꜣḫt
Godlike in his mother's love, associated with the living Apis upon his birth, the perfect youth, pleasant in his popularity, who his mother placed upon the throne of his father, who is strong in strategy, who defeats foreign lands, who lights up the horizon with his conquering power like Ra.
C20-M:X-F105-n:z:Aa5A*p-anx-E95-D2:1-ms-s-x:nw-N37:N37-H-wn:n-nw:W-A17-nfr-M30-N36:t:z-xa:n:z-t&G14:f-D2:g-t:f:f-U5\:1:a-Z12:D40-N25:t*3-V15:Aa15-sxm*Aa56:f-N6:1-mi-Dd-N8-f:Aa15-N27:t*O1
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 386 (LXXXVII A)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 10:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ptolemy X: Seher tawy ka nakht sekhem neneh
Seher tawy ka nakht sekhem neneh
shrw-tꜢwi kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-nḥḥ
Who pleases the Two Lands, the strong bull, eternal power
z:O4A:r-ib-M127-wAD-E1:Z9:D40-sxm-N37A:H*ra*H
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 386 (LXXXVII B)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 10:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy X: Aa ib mery netjeru, ity Baqet, heqa wadjty aqef Ta-mery em hotep
Aa ib mery netjeru, ity Baqet, heqa wadjty aqef Ta-mery em hotep
ꜤꜢ-ib mri-nṯrw ity-bꜢḳt ḥḳꜢ-wꜢḏti Ꜥḳ.f-tꜢmri-m-ḥtp
The great-hearted one who is beloved of the Gods, Master of Baqet and ruler of the two crowns, when he enters The Beloved Land in peace
O29v-ib:1-1*nTr*1*nTr*1*nTr:N36-D10A:t*niwt-i-U33-i-i-A311A-HqA-t:y-M14-I12-I12-I25:f-N17:O5:t*niwt-Aa15:Htp:t*p
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 386 (LXXXVII C)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 10:G
Throne name
Throne name of Ptolemy X: Iwa netjer menekh en etjeret menkhet sat Ra setep en Ptah ir Maat Ra senen ankh en Amun
Iwa netjer menekh en etjeret menkhet sat Ra setep en Ptah ir Maat Ra senen ankh en Amun
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯr-mnḫ-nṯrt-mnḫt-rꜤ stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ znn-Ꜥnḫ-n-Jmn
Heir of the potent god and of the potent goddess, the daughter of Ra , chosen by Ptah, who has accomplished the Maat of Ra, the living likeness of Amun
mnx-nTr-t:H8-nTr-N6:t*H8-F44-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11-C2A\-C12A-z:sw*sw-A53-anx-S3
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 44b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 10:T1
Birth name
Birth name of Ptolemy X: Ptolmys djed enef Ileksentres ankh djet mery Ptah
Ptolmys djed enef Ileksentres ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis ḏd n.f Ꜥlksntrs Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-ptḥ
Ptolemaios, also called Alexandros
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-S43-nw:F51B-D-i-D153:k-s-n:t*D153:z-anx-D&t:N17-p:t-H-N36
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 10:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

GreekTransliterationTranscription
Πτολεμαιος Aλεξανδρος Ptolemaios Aléxandros Ptolemy Alexander

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 242–243
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 366–390
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 185–186

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

CC BY   Creative Commons
license


All content on this website is free to copy, redistribute and adapt in any medium or format, provided you give the appropriate credit. Yes, this includes images and texts. Keep information free!