Qaa

Also known as: Kaa Dynasty I

The Horus name Qa'a is well attested, and according to Africanus, Manetho named him Bieneches, but according to Eusebius it was Ubienthes. The New Kingdom king lists name him as Qebeh or Qebehu.

Reign of Qaa
AE Chronology2775–2732
von Beckerath2853–2828
Malek2818–2793
Grimal2960–2926
Turin Canon95 (years?)
Manetho26 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Qaa: Qa'a
Qa'a
ḳꜢi-Ꜥ
Raised arm of Horus
q:a
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate VIII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 40-41, 8:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Qaa: Sen nebty
Sen nebty
sn-nbti
The one whom the Two Ladies have kissed
T22*D20:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate XII (6)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 40-41, 8:N3
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Qaa: Sen nebty
Sen nebty
sn-nbti
The one whom the Two Ladies have kissed
T22:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate XVII (29)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 40-41, 8:N2
Throne name
Throne name of Qaa: Qa'a
Qa'a
ḳꜢi-Ꜥ
The Dual king with raised arm of the Two Ladies
q:a
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate VIII-IX
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 40-41, 8:N1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Qaa: Qebeh*
Qebeh*
ḳbḥ
He from the north
q-b-H
Abydos king list 8
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (8)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 40-41, 8:1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Qaa: Qebehu*
Qebehu*
ḳbhw
He from the cool north
q-b-H-w-W15
Saqqara king list 57
Meyer, Ägyptische Chronologie, plate 1 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 40-41, 8:2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Qaa: ...beh
...beh
..bḥ
//-b-H
Royal Canon of Turin 3.19
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), II:19

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus i, 8 Βιηνεχης Bienekhes Vienekis 26 years
Eusebius i, 8 Ουβιενθης Oubienthes Ubienthes 26 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 40–41
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 299–301
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 14–15
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 27

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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