Radjedef

Also known as: Djedefra, Djedefre Dynasty IV

Radjedef was the first pharaoh to use the designation Son of Ra before his birth name. Normally, his name would be written Djedefra, with -ra at the end of the name, but both the translation of the name and the Manetho variants fits better with his name starting with Ra.

Reign of Radjedef
AE Chronology2482–2475
von Beckerath2556–2547
Shaw2566–2558
Dodson2447–2439
Allen2528–2520
Malek2526–2518
Arnold2520–2512
Redford2584–2576
Turin Canon8 years
Manetho (Africanus)25 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Radjedef: Kheper
Kheper
ḫpr
The one who has manifested (himself)
xpr
Fondation Eugene Piot, Monuments et mémoires, Volume 25, p. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 3:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Radjedef: Kheper em
Kheper em
ḫpr-m
Who has manifested (himself) by means of the Two Ladies
xpr-m
Fondation Eugene Piot, Monuments et mémoires, Volume 25, p. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 3:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Radjedef: Biku nebu
Biku nebu
bik-wi-nbw
The (divine) falcons are golden
G5*G5*G5:nbw
Fondation Eugene Piot, Monuments et mémoires, Volume 25, p. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 3:G
Throne name
Throne name of Radjedef: Ra djedef
Ra djedef
rꜤ-ḏd.f
Ra is his stability
ra-Dd-f
Abydos king list 22
Fondation Eugene Piot, Monuments et mémoires, Volume 25, p. 63
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 3:E1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Radjedef: Ra djedef*
Ra djedef*
rꜤ-ḏd.f
Ra is his stability
ra-Dd-Dd-f
Saqqara king list 41
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 52-53, 3:E3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Radjedef: Name missing
Name missing
Royal Canon of Turin 4.11
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:11

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus iv, 5 Ρατoισης Rhatoises Ratoises 25 years
Diodorus 1.64.1 Χαβρυην Khabryen Chabryen 56 years
Eratosthenes 13 Ραυωσις Rhauosis Rayosis 13 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 52–53
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 81–83
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 83–85
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 35–36

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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