Ramesses III

Also known as: Rameses III, Ramses III
Dynasty XX

The 32 year reign of Ramesses III was marked by political, economic and military problems as foreign invaders flowed into the kingdom. He was murdered in the Harem conspiracy instigated by his second queen, Tiye, who wanted her son Pentawer to succeed Ramesses III instead of the designated prince. The plan failed, and is known to us thanks to the Judicial Papyrus of Turin.

Reign of Ramesses III
AE Chronology1187–1157
von Beckerath1183–1152
Shaw1184–1153
Dodson1185–1153
Malek1184–1153
Arnold1194–1163
Grimal1186–1154
Redford1198–1166
Highest attestationYear 32

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ramesses III: Ka nakht aa nesyt
Ka nakht aa nesyt
 kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-nsyt
 The great bull, great of kingship
E1:D40-aA-sw-i-i-t:Z2
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 164-165, 2:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name of Ramesses III: Wer habu-sed mi Tatenen
Wer habu-sed mi Tatenen
 wr-ḥꜤbw-sd-mi-tꜢ-ṯnn
 Great of Sed festivals like Tatenen
wr:r-O23F-Z3-mi-C18C
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 2:N1a

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ramesses III: User renput mi Itemu
User renput mi Itemu
 wsr-rnpwt-mi-itm
 Rich in years like Atum
wsr-rnp*rnp*rnp-mi-A45
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 2:G1a

Variants

Throne name
Throne name of Ramesses III: User Maat Ra, mery Amun
User Maat Ra, mery Amun
 wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ mri-imn
 Strong is the Maat of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-mAat-N36-i-mn:n
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 2:T1

Variants

Birth name
Birth name of Ramesses III: Ramessu heqa Iunu
Ramessu heqa Iunu
 rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
 Ramesses, ruler of Heliopolis
C2-ms-s-s-HqA-iwn
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 2:E1

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Herodotus 121.1 Pαμψινιτον Rhampsinitos Rhampsinitus
Diodorus 1.62.5 Pεμφις Rhemphis Rhemphis

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 164–167
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 312–316
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 156–178
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 127–130

 

 



These pages came from: PHARAOH.SE






With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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