Sekhemkhet

Also known as: Djosertety, Djoserteti, Djoserty Dynasty III

The birth name of Horus Sekhemkhet is just like his father Djoser uncertain. The Saqqara king list use the name Djosertety, while the Abydos list simply use Teti. The Turin papyrus give a third variant, Djoserty. The sources for the use of these names is unknown, and was likely caused by a misinterpretation in later times, as it has not been found by contemporary sources. According to Africanus, Manetho named him Tyris, which could derived from Teti on the Abydos king list.

Reign of Sekhemkhet
AE Chronology2565–2559
von Beckerath2645–2638
Dodson2556–2550
Allen2611–2605
Malek2609–2603
Turin Canon6 (years)
Manetho (Africanus)7 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Sekhemkhet: Sekhem khet
Sekhem khet
sḫm-ẖt
The one whose body is powerful
s*sxm:X
Gonheim, Horus Sekhem-Khet: The unfinished Step Payramid at Saqqara, I, plate 145
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 3:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Sekhemkhet: Hetep ren
Hetep ren
ḥtp-rn
The Two Ladies are pleased with his name
Htp:r:n
Clay seals from Elephantine
Pätznick, Die Siegelabrollungen und Rollsiegel der Stadt Elephantine..., pp. 76–79
Throne name
Throne name of Sekhemkhet: Teti*
Teti*
t-t-i
of true greatness
t:t-i
Abydos king list 17
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 3:E1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Sekhemkhet: Djoser teti*
Djoser teti*
ḏsr-t-t-i
The blessed one, of true greatness
Dsr-i-t:t
Saqqara king list 46
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 3:E2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Sekhemkhet: Djoser ty*
Djoser ty*
ḏsr-ti
The blessed one, of true greatness
Dsr:r-t:y-G7
Royal Canon of Turin 4.6
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:6
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 3:E3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus iii, 3 Tυρεις Tyreis Tyris 7 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 48–49
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 367–368
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 55
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 32

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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