Dynasty I

Semerkhet was the first pharaoh using the Nebty title in its ultimate form. The name in the New Kingdom king lists is Semsu or Semsem, which means the eldest, which might tie in with the 72 years mentioned in the Turin papyrus, but he likely only ruled for a decade or so. According to Africanus and Eusebius he was named Semempses by Manetho.

Reign of Semerkhet
AE Chronology2763–2756
von Beckerath2861–2853
Turin Canon63 (years?)
Manetho18 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Semerkhet: Semer khet
Semer khet
 Companion of the Gods
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate XXVIII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 40-41, 7:H
Throne name
Throne name of Semerkhet: Iry
 The Dual king who belongs to the Two Ladies
Ivory label British Museum EA 32668
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate XII (1)
The archaic sign (A469) is similar to A17 and was likely confused by the NK scribes.


The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus i, 7 Σεμεμψης Semempses Semempsis 18 years
Eusebius i, 7 Σεμεμψης Semempses Semempses 18 years
Eratosthenes 5 Πεμφως Pemphos Pemphus 18 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 40–41
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 376–378
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 11–14
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 26–27



With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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