Seqenenra

Also known as: Seqenenre Tao Dynasty XVII

Seqenenra Tao is credited with starting the liberation of Egypt from the Hyksos fifteenth dynasty in the north. He was however defeated and taken prisoner by the forces of king Apepi and likely executed. His son Kamose continued and expanded the campaign against the Hyksos.

Reign of Seqenenra
Ryholt1558–1554
Dodson1558–1554
Franke?–1545

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Seqenenra: Kha em Waset
Kha em Waset
ḫꜤi-m-wꜢs
The one who has appeared in Thebes
N28-D36:Aa15-S40
Winlock, The Tombs of the Kings of the Seventeenth Dynasty at Thebes JEA 10 (1924): 258-259
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 128-129, 14:H
Throne name
Throne name of Seqenenra: Seqen en Ra
Seqen en Ra
sḳn.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made brave
-N5-S29-N29-N35:D40:N35
Coffin of king Tao (Cairo Museum, CG 61001, JE 26209)
Piehl, Inscriptions hieroglyphiques, I, LXXVI (N)
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, I.2, 658
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seqenenra: Seqen en Ra
Seqen en Ra
sḳn.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made brave
N5:O34-N29:N35:N35-A24
Shroud of princess Ahmose from tomb QV47, now in Museo Egizio in Turin
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seqenenra: Seqen en Ra
Seqen en Ra
sḳn.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made brave
N5:O34-N29-N35:D40:N35
Daressy, Notes et remarques, RecTrav 16 (1894): 44 (XCVII)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 128-129, 14:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seqenenra: Seqen en Ra
Seqen en Ra
sḳn.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made brave
N5:O34-N29:N35:N35
Karnak king list 25
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 128-129, 14:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Seqenenra: Seqen en Ra
Seqen en Ra
sḳn.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made brave
N5:O34-N29-N35:N35:D40
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 12d (3)
Birth name
Birth name of Seqenenra: Tao
Tao
ḏḥwty ꜤꜢ(.w)
Taa ("Thoth is great")
X1:O47:Z2-O29:D36:Y1
Axe head, LACMA M.80.203.43
Coffin of king Tao (Cairo Museum, CG 61001, JE 26209)
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, I.2, 658
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 128-129, 14:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seqenenra: Tao
Tao
ḏḥwty ꜤꜢ(.w)
Taa ("Thoth is great")
X1:O47-O29:Z2-D36:Y1
Statue naming princes and princesses
Bouriant, Notes de voyage, RecTrav 11 (1889): 159
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 128-129, 14:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seqenenra: Tao qen
Tao qen
ḏḥwty ꜤꜢ(.w) ḳn
Taa ("Thoth is great") the Brave
X1:X2-O47:Z2-O29-N29:N35:D40
Shroud of princess Ahmose from tomb QV47, now in Museo Egizio in Turin
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 14:E5
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seqenenra: Tao qen
Tao qen
ḏḥwty ꜤꜢ(.w) ḳn
Taa ("Thoth is great") the Brave
X1:O47-O29:D36-N29:N35
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 14:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Seqenenra: Tao
Tao
ḏḥwty ꜤꜢ(.w)
Taa ("Thoth is great")
X1:N37-Z2:O29-D36:Y1
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 130-131, 14:E4

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 128–131
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 402–405
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 156–161
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 91

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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