Shabaka

Also known as: Sabacon Dynasty XXV

Recent archaeological evidence now favours a Shebitko-Shabaka succession against the Shabaka-Shebitko tradition.

Reign of Shabaka
AE Chronology722–707
von Beckerath713–698
Shaw716–702
Dodson721–707
Arnold716–702
Grimal716–702
Redford712–698
Manetho (Africanus)8 years
Manetho (Eusebius)12 years
Manetho (Jerome)12 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Shabaka: Sebaq tawy
Sebaq tawy
sbḳ-tꜢwi
The one who has blessed the Two Lands
s-b-q:N17:N17
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 52:30
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Shabaka: Sebaq tawy
Sebaq tawy
sbḳ-tꜢwi
The one who has blessed the Two Lands
s-b-q:N17:N17
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 52:30
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Shabaka: Sebaq tawy
Sebaq tawy
sbḳ-tꜢwi
The one who has blessed the Two Lands
s-b-q:N17:N17
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 52:30
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:G
Throne name
Throne name of Shabaka: Nefer ka Ra
Nefer ka Ra
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The perfect one of the ka of Ra
ra-nfr-kA
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:T1
Throne name variant A
Throne name (variant A) of Shabaka: Nefer ka Ra
Nefer ka Ra
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The perfect one of the ka of Ra
ra-nfr-E1
Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology 10 (1923): pl. 43
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:T2
Throne name variant B
Throne name (variant B) of Shabaka: Nefer ka Ra, mery Amun
Nefer ka Ra, mery Amun
nfr-kꜢ-rꜤ mri-imn
The perfect one of the ka of Ra, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-ra-nfr-kA
Keimer, Perles de collier en soufre fondu, ASAE 39 (1939): 206
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:T3
Birth name
Birth name of Shabaka: Sha ba ka
Sha ba ka
šꜢbꜢkꜢ
M8-E10-kA
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:E1
Birth name variant A
Birth name (variant A) of Shabaka: Sha ba ka
Sha ba ka
šꜢbꜢkꜢ
N37-E10-kA
Limestone block-statue of Iti (British Museum, EA24429)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:E2
Birth name variant B
Birth name (variant B) of Shabaka: Sha ba ka mery Amun
Sha ba ka mery Amun
šꜢbꜢkꜢ mri-imn
Shabaka, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-M8A-E10-kA
Revue d'Egyptologie 8: pl. 5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 206-207, 4:E3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxv, 1 Σαβακων Sabakon Sabacon 8 years
Eusebius xxv, 1 Σαβακων Sabakon Sabacon 12 years
Jerome Sabacon Aethiops 12 years
Herodotus 137 Σαβακων Sabakon Sabacon
Diodorus 1.65.2 Σαβακων Sabakon Sabaco

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 206–207
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 12–24
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 162

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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