Shoshenq I

Also known as: Sheshonq I, Sheshonk I Dynasty XXII


Reign of Shoshenq I
AE Chronology943–923
von Beckerath946–925
Dodson948–927
Redford931–910
Manetho21 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Shoshenq I: Ka nakht mery Ra, sekhaef em nesu er sema tawy
Ka nakht mery Ra, sekhaef em nesu er sema tawy
kꜢ nḫt mry rꜤ sḫꜤ.f m nsw r smꜢ tꜢwy
Strong bull, beloved of Ra, whom the latter caused to appear as king in order to unite the Two Lands
E1:D40-ra:Z1-mr\-s-xa:a:f:M-sw-r:R26-N17:N17
Caminos, Gebel Es-Silsilah No. 100, JEA 38 (1952): pl. 11
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:H1
Horus name
Horus name of Shoshenq I: Ka nakht mery Ra, sekhaef em nesu er sema tawy
Ka nakht mery Ra, sekhaef em nesu er sema tawy
kꜢ nḫt mry rꜤ sḫꜤ.f m nsw r smꜢ tꜢwy
Strong bull, beloved of Ra, whom the latter caused to appear as king in order to unite the Two Lands
E1:D40-C2-mr-s-xa:a:f:M-sw-r:R26-N17:N16A
Bubastis dedication inscription of Shoshenq I, north face architrave
The Epigraphic Survey, The Bubastite portal, OIP 74 (1954): pl. 12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:H2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Shoshenq I: Kha em sekhemty mi hor sa Aset sehetep netjeru em Maat
Kha em sekhemty mi hor sa Aset sehetep netjeru em Maat
ḫꜤ m sḫmty mi ḥr sꜢ Ꜣst sḥtp nṯrw m mꜢꜤt
Who has appeared in the Double Crown like Horus, the son of Isis, and pacified the gods with Maat
xa:a:Aa15-S6-mi-i-G5-H8:Z1-Q1-t:H8-s-Htp:t*p-t:Z2-nTr-m-Sw
Caminos, Gebel Es-Silsilah No. 100, JEA 38 (1952): pl. 12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Shoshenq I: Kha em sekhemty mi hor sa Aset sehetep netjeru em Maat
Kha em sekhemty mi hor sa Aset sehetep netjeru em Maat
ḫꜤ m sḫmty mi ḥr sꜢ Ꜣst sḥtp nṯrw m mꜢꜤt
Who has appeared in the Double Crown like Horus, the son of Isis, and pacified the gods with Maat
xa:a-m-S6:t-mi-G5-H8:Z1-Q1:t-z:Htp:p*Z2:M-nTr-Aa11v:t
Bubastis dedication inscription of Shoshenq I, north face architrave
The Epigraphic Survey, The Bubastite portal, OIP 74 (1954): pl. 12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:N2
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Shoshenq I: Sekhem pehty, hui pedjut 9, wer nakhtu em tau nebu
Sekhem pehty, hui pedjut 9, wer nakhtu em tau nebu
sḫm-pḥty ḥwi pḏwt 9 wr-nḫtw m tꜢw nbw
Powerful of might, who has struck down the Nine Bows, great of victories in all lands
sxm-F9:F9-V74-T10:3:3*3-wr:r:n-M3:x*t:(Z2)^^^D40-N17:N17:N17:nb:W*Z2
Caminos, Gebel Es-Silsilah No. 100, JEA 38 (1952): pl. 12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Shoshenq I: Sekhem pehty, hui pedjut 9, wer nakhtu em tau nebu
Sekhem pehty, hui pedjut 9, wer nakhtu em tau nebu
sḫm-pḥty ḥwi pḏwt 9 wr-nḫtw m tꜢw nbw
Powerful of might, who has struck down the Nine Bows, great of victories in all lands
sxm-F9:F9-H*A24:D40-T10:Z2*Z2:t*Z2-wr-n:M3:x*t-(Z2)^^^D40:Aa15-N17:N17:N16A-nb:Z2
Bubastis dedication inscription of Shoshenq I, north face architrave
The Epigraphic Survey, The Bubastite portal, OIP 74 (1954): pl. 12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Shoshenq I: Hedj kheper Ra setep en Ra
Hedj kheper Ra setep en Ra
ḥḏ ḫpr rꜤ stp n rꜤ
The bright one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Ra
ra-HDt-xpr-stp&n&ra
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Shoshenq I: Hedj kheper Ra setep en Amun
Hedj kheper Ra setep en Amun
ḥḏ ḫpr rꜤ stp n imn
The bright one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-HDt-xpr-i-mn:n:stp
Statuette (Cairo Museum, CG 42213, JE 36675)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Shoshenq I: Hedj kheper Ra setep en Amun
Hedj kheper Ra setep en Amun
ḥḏ ḫpr rꜤ stp n imn
The bright one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Amun
a-HDt-xpr-i-mn:stp:n
Seated Isis statuette, (Cairo Museum, CG 38901, JE 32209)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Shoshenq I: Hedj kheper Ra setep en Ptah
Hedj kheper Ra setep en Ptah
ḥḏ ḫpr rꜤ stp n ptḥ
The bright one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Ptah
ra-HDt-xpr-p:t-H-stp:n
Daressy, Notes et remarques, RecTrav 22 (1900): 143 (CLXXVII)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:T4
Birth name
Birth name of Shoshenq I: Shesheneq mery Amun
Shesheneq mery Amun
ššnḳ mry imn
Shoshenq, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-M8A-M8A-n:q
Statuette (Cairo Museum, CG 42213, JE 36675)
Daressy, Statues de divinités (1906), 225
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Shoshenq I: Shesheneq mery Amun
Shesheneq mery Amun
ššnḳ mry imn
Shoshenq, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:N36-M8A-M8A-n:q
Caminos, Gebel Es-Silsilah No. 100, JEA 38 (1952): pl. 11 (3)
Birth name variant
Birth name of Shoshenq I: Shesheneq mery Amun
Shesheneq mery Amun
ššnḳ mry imn
Shoshenq, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:N36-M8A-M8A-q
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1951), Vol. 2, pl. 29
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Shoshenq I: Shesheneq
Shesheneq
ššnḳ
Shoshenq
M8A-M8A-n:q
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology 11, 257
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Shoshenq I: Shesheneq
Shesheneq
ššnḳ
Shoshenq
M8A-q-M8A-N17
Posener, Malinine, Vercoutter, Catalogue des stèles de Sérapéum de Memphis (1968), No. 31
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Shoshenq I: Shesheneq, the son of Isis, beloved of Amun
Shesheneq, the son of Isis, beloved of Amun
ššnḳ sꜢ Ꜣst mry imn
Shoshenq, the son of Isis, beloved of Amun
i-mn://-H8-Q1:t-M8A:M8A-q
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 49
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 184-185, 1:E5

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxii, 1 Σεσονχωσις Sesonkhosis Sesonchosis 21 years
Eusebius xxii, 1 Σεσονχωσις Sesonkhosis Sesonchosis 21 years
Jerome Sesonchosis 21 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 184–185
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 307–324
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 145

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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