Siamun

 Dynasty XXI


Reign of Siamun
AE Chronology986–968
von Beckerath979–960
Shaw978–959
Dodson968–948
Redford984–965
Manetho9 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Siamun: Ka nakht mery Maat, sa mery en Amun, per em hau.ef
Ka nakht mery Maat, sa mery en Amun, per em hau.ef
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt sꜢ mri n imn pr m ḫꜤw.f
The strong bull, beloved of Maat, the beloved son of Amun, who issued from his limbs
E1:D40-C10A-mr-H8:Z1-//-S3-i-mn:n-pr:r:D54-m-H-a:F51B*F51B*F51B:f
Petrie, Tanis, II, plate VIII (146)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 180-181, 6:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Siamun: Ka nakht mery Maat
Ka nakht mery Maat
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull, beloved of Maat
E1:D40-C10A-mr
Petrie, The palace of Apries (Memphis II), plate 24
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 180-181, 6:H2
Throne name
Throne name of Siamun: Netjeri kheper Ra, setep en Amun
Netjeri kheper Ra, setep en Amun
nṯri-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The divine one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-nTr-xpr-i-mn:n-U19:n
Petrie, The palace of Apries (Memphis II), plate 24
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 180-181, 6:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Siamun: Netjeri kheper Ra, mery Amun
Netjeri kheper Ra, mery Amun
nṯri-ḫpr-rꜤ mri-imn
The divine one is a manifestation of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-nTr-xpr-i-mn:n:U7
Munier, Un achat de terrains au temps du roi Si-amon, RecChamp (1923): 361–6
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 180-181, 6:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Siamun: Siamun
Siamun
zꜢ-imn
Son of Amun
i-mn:n-zA&Z1
Kruchten, Les annales des pretres de Karnak, OLA 32 (1989): pl. 2 (3b)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 180-181, 6:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Siamun: Siamun mery Amun
Siamun mery Amun
zꜢ-imn mri-imn
Son of Amun, beloved of Amun
C12A\-C12A-N36:H8*Z1
Petrie, The palace of Apries (Memphis II), plate 24
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 180-181, 6:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxi, 6 Ψιναχης Psinakhes Psinaches 9 years
Eusebius xxi, 6 Ψιναχης Psinakhes Psinaches 9 years
Jerome Pinaches 9 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 180–181
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 294–298
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 141

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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