Smendes I

 Dynasty XXI


Reign of Smendes I
AE Chronology1076–1052
von Beckerath1070–1044
Shaw1069–1043
Dodson1064–1038
Redford1081–1055
Manetho26 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Smendes I: Ka nakht mery Ra seuser Amun khepeshef er seqa Maat
Ka nakht mery Ra seuser Amun khepeshef er seqa Maat
kꜢ-nḫt-mri-rꜤ swsr-imn ḫpš.f-r-sḳꜢi-mꜢꜤt
Strong bull, beloved of Ra, whose arm Amun has strengthened in order to offer up Maat
E2:D40-ra:Z1-mr-s-wsr-s-r:D40-i-mn:n-xpS:f:r-s-q-A28-U5:a-t:H8
RecTrav 10, 135 (1)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 1:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Smendes I: Sekhem pehty hui reqiuef behatuef hepet em..
Sekhem pehty hui reqiuef behatuef hepet em..
sḫm-pḥti ḥwi-rḳw.f-bhꜢtw.f- ḥtp-m-..
Powerful of might, who has struck down his opponents who flee from him, who has embraced by means of...
sxm-F9:F9-H-A24-r:q-i-i-A14A-Z2:f-b-h-A-D54:t-w-f:H*(p:t)-D199-m
RecTrav 10, 135 (1)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 1:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Smendes I: ..khesef denden
..khesef denden
..ḫsf-dndn
... who drove away anger
U35-d:n:d:n-F6:D40
RecTrav 10, 135 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 1:G
Throne name
Throne name of Smendes I: Hedj kheper Ra, setep en Ra
Hedj kheper Ra, setep en Ra
ḥḏ-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The dazzling one is the (very) manifestation of Ra
ra-S1-xpr-stp&n&ra
RecTrav 10, 135 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 1:T
Birth name
Birth name of Smendes I: Nisu ba-neb-djed mery Amun
Nisu ba-neb-djed mery Amun
ni-sw-bꜢ-nb-ḏdt mri-imn
He belongs to the ram, the lord of Mendes, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-F20:z-E10-Dd-Dd-t:O49
RecTrav 10, 135
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 1:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Smendes I: Nisu ba-n-djed mery Amun
Nisu ba-n-djed mery Amun
ni-sw-bꜢ-n-ḏdt mri-imn
He belongs to the ram, the lord of Mendes, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-ns&E10-nb:Dd*Dd
PSBA 14, 248
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 178-179, 1:E2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxi, 1 Σμενδης Smendes Smendes 26 years
Eusebius xxi, 1 Σμενδις Smendis Smendis 26 years
Jerome Semendis 26 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 178–179
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 287–288
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 138

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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