Tausret

Also known as: Tawosret, Twosret Dynasty XIX

Queen Tausret was the chief wife of Seti II and upon his death, she became regent for his eldest son and heir Siptah, and ultimately pharaoh. Her reign only lasted a year or two before civil war broke out that ended with her demise and the start of a new dynasty founded by Setnakht.

Manetho included her in his king list as Thouoris with a reign of seven years, which is known to include the reign of Siptah. Tausret's name is excluded on Ramesses III's list of ancestors at Medinet Habu which can only mean that she was not seen as a legitime pharaoh at the time.

Reign of Tausret
AE Chronology1192–1191
von Beckerath1186–1185
Shaw1188–1186
Dodson1189–1187
Malek1188–1186
Arnold1198–1196
Grimal1196–1188
Redford1209–1201
Manetho7 years
Highest attestationYear 8

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Tausret: Ka nakht mery Maat
Ka nakht mery Maat
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull, beloved of Maat
E1:D40-C10A-mr
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 352:11
Horus name variant A
Horus name (variant A) of Tausret: Ka nakht mery Maat
Ka nakht mery Maat
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull, beloved of Maat
E1:D40-C10A-mr-i-i
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 352:9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:H2
Horus name variant B
Horus name (variant B) of Tausret: Ka nakht mery(t) Maat, neb(et) an em nesu mi Atum
Ka nakht mery(t) Maat, neb(et) an em nesu mi Atum
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt nb-Ꜥn-m-nsw-mi-itm
The strong bull, beloved of Maat, Lord beautiful of kingship, like Atum
E1:D40-C10A-mr-i-i-nb:a:n-D6:Aa15-sw-t:n-A41-mi-A304G
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 352:7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:H1
Nebty name
Nebty name of Tausret: Gereg Kemet waf khasut
Gereg Kemet waf khasut
grg-kmt wꜤf-ḫꜢswt
Founder of Egypt, who vainquishes foreign countries
U17\:Y1-I6:Aa15:t*O49-w:D40:f-N25:t*3
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 352:9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:N
Throne name
Throne name of Tausret: Sat Ra meryt en Amun
Sat Ra meryt en Amun
sꜢ.t-rꜤ mri.t-n-imn
Daughter of Ra, beloved of Amun
C2-C12-N36:n:N17-zA&t
Petrie, Six Temples at Thebes, plate 16.1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 354:3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:T2
Throne name variant A
Throne name (variant A) of Tausret: Sat Ra meryt Amun
Sat Ra meryt Amun
zꜢt-rꜤ mri(t)-n-imn
Daughter of Ra, beloved of Amun
C2A\-C12-N36:H8*t
Gardiner, Peet, Cerny, Six Temples, plate 16 (5)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 354:4
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:T3
Throne name variant B
Throne name (variant B) of Tausret: Sat Ra meryt Amun
Sat Ra meryt Amun
zꜢt-rꜤ mri(t)-n-imn
Daughter of Ra, beloved of Amun
C2\-C12-N36:(H8:t-i-i)
British Museum EA 29952
Gardiner, Peet, Cerny, Six Temples, plate 17 (2)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 353:15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:T4
Throne name variant C
Throne name (variant C) of Tausret: Sat Ra meryt Amun
Sat Ra meryt Amun
zꜢt-rꜤ mri(t)-imn
Daughter of Ra, beloved of Amun
H8:t-C2-C12-mr-i-i
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 352:9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:T5
Throne name variant D
Throne name (variant D) of Tausret: Sat Ra meryt Amun
Sat Ra meryt Amun
zꜢt-rꜤ mri(t)-imn
Daughter of Ra, beloved of Amun
mr-C2-C12-H8:t-i-i
. Ramesside Inscriptions 351:13
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:T6
Birth name
Birth name of Tausret: Tausret
Tausret
tꜢ-Wsrt
Mighty Lady
t-A-wsr-s-r:D40-B7F
Valley of the Kings, tomb KV 14
. Ramesside Inscriptions 351:13
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 201a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:E1
Birth name variant A
Birth name (variant A) of Tausret: Tausret meryt en Mut
Tausret meryt en Mut
tꜢ-wsrt mri(t).n-mwt
Tausret, beloved of Mut
t-A-wsr-r:t:D40-G14-S3-mr
Gauthier, Amada, I, plate 21
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:E2
Birth name variant B
Birth name (variant B) of Tausret: Tausret setep en Mut
Tausret setep en Mut
tꜢ-Wsrt stp.n-mwt
Mighty Lady, chosen of Mut
t-wsr-C183A-(stp&t:n)
British Museum EA 29952
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 353:15
Gardiner, Peet, Cerny, Six Temples, plate 17 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:E3
Birth name variant C
Birth name (variant C) of Tausret: Tausret setep en Mut
Tausret setep en Mut
tꜢ-Wsrt stp.n-mwt
Mighty Lady, chosen of Mut
t:A-wsr-C183A-t:stp:n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 352:9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 8:E4

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xix, 6 Θουωρις Thouoris Thuris 7 years
Eusebius xix, 5 Θουωρις Thouoris Thuris 7 years
Jerome 45 Thuoris 7 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 162–163
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 458–460
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 145–148
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 125

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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