Thutmose III

Also known as: Tuthmosis III, Thutmosis III
Dynasty XVIII
picture of Statue of Thutmose III from Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (ÄS70)
The name of the god Thoth is an ancient Greek transcription of the original name Djehuty. Thutmose is a modern compromise between the Greek transcription Thutmosis and Djehutimes. His 54-year reign includes the first 22 years as co-regent with Hatshepsut, where neither had any obvious seniority over the other, and Thutmose III was head of the army, while she was the de facto ruler. After her death, his military genius created the largest empire Egypt had ever seen.
His name in Manetho's king list is Mephramuthosis, which is a shortened Greek transcription of his throne and birth names.

Reign of Thutmose III
AE Chronology1479–1425
von Beckerath1479–1425
Shaw1479–1425
Dodson1479–1424
Malek1479–1425
Arnold1479–1425
Grimal1479–1425
Redford1504–1452
Manetho (Josephus)25y 10m
Manetho (Africanus)26 years
Manetho (Eusebius)26 years
Manetho (Jerome)26 years
Highest attestationYear 54

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Ka nakht kha em Waset
Ka nakht kha em Waset
 kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤ-m-wꜢst
 The strong bull arising in Thebes
E1:D40-xa:m-R19-t:O49
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 55a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Wah nesyt
Wah nesyt
 wꜢḥ-nsit
 Enduring of kingship
wAH-H-sw-i-i-t
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 193
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:N1

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Djoser khau
Djoser khau
 ḏsr-ḫꜤw
 Sacred of appearances
Dsr-r:Y1-xa-w-Y1:Z2
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 193
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G1

Variants

Throne name
Throne name: Men kheper Ra
Men kheper Ra
 mn-ḫpr-rꜤ
 Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra
ra:mn-xpr
Abydos king list 70
Saqqara king list 8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T1

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Djehutimes
Djehutimes
 ḏḥwti-msi(w)
 Thoth is born
G26-ms-s
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 193
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:E1

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 6 Μισφραγμουθωσις Misphragmouthosis Misphragmuthosis 26 years
Eusebius xviii, 5 Μισφραγμουθωσις Misphragmouthosis Misphragmuthosis 26 years
Jerome Mispharmuthosis 26 years
Josephus 96 Μηφραμουθωσις Mephramouthosis Mephramuthosis 25 years, 10 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 136–139
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 470–474
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 253–275
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 98–100

 

 



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With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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