Thutmose III

Also known as: Tuthmosis III, Thutmosis III Dynasty XVIII

The name of the god Thoth is an ancient Greek transcription of the original name Djehuty. Thutmose is a modern compromise between the Greek transcription Thutmosis and Djehutimes. His 54-year reign includes the first 22 years as co-regent with Hatshepsut, where neither had any obvious seniority over the other, and Thutmose III was head of the army, while she was the de facto ruler. After her death, his military genius created the largest empire Egypt had ever seen.
His name in Manetho's king list is Mephramuthosis, which is a shortened Greek transcription of his throne and birth names.

Reign of Thutmose III
AE Chronology1479–1425
von Beckerath1479–1425
Shaw1479–1425
Dodson1479–1424
Malek1479–1425
Arnold1479–1425
Grimal1479–1425
Redford1504–1452
Manetho (Josephus)25y 10m
Manetho (Africanus)26 years
Manetho (Eusebius)26 years
Manetho (Jerome)26 years
Highest attestationYear 54

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Thutmose III: Ka nakht kha em Waset
Ka nakht kha em Waset
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤ-m-wꜢst
The strong bull arising in Thebes
E1:D40-xa:m-R19-t:O49
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 55a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Ka nakht kha em Waset
Ka nakht kha em Waset
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤ-m-wꜢst
The strong bull arising in Thebes
E1:D40-xa:m-R19
Lateran, London, Istanbul, New York obelisks
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 586 (1); 590 (1); 593 (2+4); 584 (1)
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Ka nakht kha em Maat
Ka nakht kha em Maat
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤ-m-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull arising in Maat
E1:D40-xa-C10*m
Lateran obelisk, western face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 585 (4)
Theodosius obelisk, Istanbul, western face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 587 (4)
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Ka nakht kha em Maat
Ka nakht kha em Maat
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull, who has appeared in Truth
E1:D40-xa-m-C10A
London obelisk, eastern face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 591 (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:H8
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Ka nakht kha em Maat
Ka nakht kha em Maat
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤ-m-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull, who has appeared in Truth
E1:D40-H-a:Y1-m-C10A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 33c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:H10
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Ka nakht mery Ra
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-C2A-mr
Theodosius obelisk, Istanbul, northern face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 587 (3)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 60
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:H6
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Ka nakht mery Ra
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-ra:Z1-mr
Lateran obelisk, northern face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 585 (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:H7
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Mery Ra qa hedjet
Mery Ra qa hedjet
mri-rꜤ ḳꜢi-ḥḏt
Beloved of Ra, whose White Crown is high
ra:Z1-A41-q-S2-mr-i-i
Lateran obelisk, eastern face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 584 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Qa hedjet mery Ra
Qa hedjet mery Ra
ḳꜢi-ḥḏt mri-rꜤ
Whose White Crown is high, beloved of Ra
S1-q-C2A-mr
New York obelisk, northern face
Champollion, Monuments de l'Egypte, IV, plate 444
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 593 (3)
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Qa hedjet mery Ra
Qa hedjet mery Ra
ḳꜢi-ḥḏt mri-rꜤ
Whose White Crown is high, beloved of Ra
HDt-q-C2A-mr-i-i
London obelisk, western face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 591 (1)
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose III: Qa hedjet mery Ra
Qa hedjet mery Ra
ḳꜢi-ḥḏt mri-rꜤ
Whose White Crown is high, beloved of Ra
HDt-q-A28-C2A-mr
Theodosius obelisk, Istanbul, eastern face
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 586 (2)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 60
Nebty name
Nebty name of Thutmose III: Wah nesyt
Wah nesyt
wꜢḥ-nsit
Enduring of kingship
wAH-H-sw-i-i-t
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 193
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Thutmose III: Wah nesyt mi Ra em pet
Wah nesyt mi Ra em pet
wꜢḥ-nsyt-mi-rꜤ-m-pt
Enduring of kingship like Ra in heaven
wAH-t-sw-ra:Z1-mi-m-p*t:N1
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 833
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:N2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Thutmose III: Shesep ankh en itemu, kheper em Khepri, hotep bau Iunu her maat.ef
Shesep ankh en itemu, kheper em Khepri, hotep bau Iunu her maat.ef
šsp-Ꜥnḫ-n-itm ḫpr-m-ḫpri ḥtpw-bꜢw-iwnw-ḥr-mꜢꜤt.f
The living image of Atum who appeared as Khepri, with whose offerings the souls of Heliopolis are satisfied
E154-anx-n:x-n:t:U15-A40-xpr:r-m-xpr:r-i-A40-Htp:t*p-G30-iwn-nw:O49-D2:Z1-Aa11:a:t:f
Name especially for the Sed festival
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 600
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:N5
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Thutmose III: Aa shefyt em tau nebu
Aa shefyt em tau nebu
ꜤꜢ-šfit-m-tꜢw-nb(w)
Great of majesty in all lands
aA-F8:t-m-N17:N17:N17:nb
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 585 (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:N4
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Thutmose III: Sekha Maat mery tawy
Sekha Maat mery tawy
sḫꜤi-mꜢꜤt mri-tꜢwi
Who has made Maat appear, beloved of the Two Lands
s-xa-C10A-mr-i-i-N17:N17
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 586 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:N3
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Thutmose III: Djoser khau
Djoser khau
ḏsr-ḫꜤw
Sacred of appearances
Dsr-r:Y1-xa-w-Y1:Z2
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 193
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose III: Djoser khau sekhem pehty
Djoser khau sekhem pehty
ḏsr-ḫꜤw sḫm-pḥti
Sacred of appearances and powerful of might
Dsr:xa-sxm-F9:F9
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 833
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G2
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose III: Heru her nakhtu
Heru her nakhtu
hrw-ḥr-nḫtw
Pleased with (his) victories
h:r-D2:D40
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 584 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G5
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose III: Heru her nakhtu hui heqau khasut pehu su
Heru her nakhtu hui heqau khasut pehu su
hrw-ḥr-nḫtwḥwi-ḥḳꜢw-ḫꜢswt-pḥw-sw
Pleased with (his) victories, he who struck down the rulers of the foreign lands who approached him
h:r-D2:Z1-D40-H-A24-HqA-HqA-HqA-N25:t*Z2-F22:Z2-sw-w
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 591 (1)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G4
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose III: Sekhem pehty djoser khau
Sekhem pehty djoser khau
sḫm-pḥti ḏsr-ḫꜤw
Powerful of might and sacred of appearances
sxm-F9:F9-Dsr-xa:a-Z3
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 811
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G3
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose III: Aa khepesh hui pedjut 9
Aa khepesh hui pedjut 9
ꜤꜢ-ḫpš ḥwi-pḏt
He of great of strength who has struck down the Nine Bows
aA:F24\-H-A24-pD:Z2-Z2:Z2
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 585 (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G6
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose III: Sar Maat sehotep Ra
Sar Maat sehotep Ra
sꜤr-mꜢꜤt sḥtp-rꜤ
Who has elevated Maat and satisfied Ra
s-a:r-N31-C10A-s-Htp:t*p-C2
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 600
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:G7
Throne name
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra
Men kheper Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra
ra:mn-xpr
Abydos king list 70
Saqqara king list 8
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra
Men kheper Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra
ra-mn:n-xpr
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1384
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper ka Ra
Men kheper ka Ra
mn-ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of the soul of Ra
ra-mn-xpr-kA
Before 21st year
Cerny, Inscriptions of Sinai, I, plate 61 (180)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, iwa Ra
Men kheper Ra, iwa Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ iwꜤ-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, the heir of Ra
ra:mn-xpr-ra:F44
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 601
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T5
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, iry en Ra
Men kheper Ra, iry en Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ iri,n-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, whom Ra made
ra:mn-xpr-ra-ir:n
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 587 (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T6
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, mery en Ra
Men kheper Ra, mery en Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ mri.n-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, beloved of Ra
ra:mn-xpr-ra-U7:n
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 584 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T7
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, setep en Ra
Men kheper Ra, setep en Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, chosen by Ra
ra:mn-xpr-stp&n&ra
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 811
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T8
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, saa en Ra
Men kheper Ra, saa en Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ sꜤꜢ.n-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, whom Ra made great
ra:mn-xpr-z:aA:n
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 587 (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T9
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, neb khepesh
Men kheper Ra, neb khepesh
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ nb-ḫpš
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, possessor of a strong arm
ra:mn-xpr-nb:F24\
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 601
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T10
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, nakht khepesh
Men kheper Ra, nakht khepesh
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ nḫt-ḫpš
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, the mighty-armed one
ra:mn-xpr-D40:F24\
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 601
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:T11
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose III: Men kheper Ra, tit Ra
Men kheper Ra, tit Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ tit-rꜤ
Lasting is the Manifestation of Ra, the (very) image of Ra
ra:mn-xpr-ra:D17
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 586 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:T12
Birth name
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes
Djehutimes
ḏḥwti-msi(w)
Thoth is born
G26-ms-s
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 193
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes
Djehutimes
ḏhwti-msi(w)
Thoth is born
G26-t:y-ms-s
Before 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1384
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 136-137, 6:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes
Djehutimes
ḏḥwti-msi(w)
Thoth is born
C3-ms
After 21st year
CG 61014
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes
Djehutimes
ḏḥwti-msi(w)
Thoth is born
E35-ms
After 21st year
CG 61014
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E5
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes nefer kheper
Djehutimes nefer kheper
ḏḥwti-msi(w) nfr-ḫpr
Thoth is born, beautiful of form
G26-ms:z-nfr-xpr
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 811
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E6
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes nefer kheperu
Djehutimes nefer kheperu
ḏḥwti-msi(w) nfr-ḫprw
Thoth is born, beautiful of forms
G26-ms-nfr-xpr:Z2
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 145
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E7
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes sema kheper
Djehutimes sema kheper
ḏḥwti-msi(w) zmꜢ-ḫpr
Thoth is born, united of manifestations
G26-ms:z-zmA-xpr
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 161
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E8
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes heqa Maat
Djehutimes heqa Maat
ḏḥwti-msi(w) ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt
Thoth is born, ruler of Maat
G26-ms:z-HqA-Sw
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 591 (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E9
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes heqa Iunu
Djehutimes heqa Iunu
ḏḥwti-msi(w) ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Thoth is born, ruler of Heliopolis
G26-ms:z-HqA-iwn
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 592 (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E10
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes heqa netjer
Djehutimes heqa netjer
ḏḥwti-msi(w) ḥḳꜢ-nṯri
Thoth is born, divine ruler
G26-ms:z-HqA-q-nTr
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 601
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E11
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes heqa Waset
Djehutimes heqa Waset
ḏḥwti-msi(w) ḥḳꜢ-wꜢst
Thoth is born, ruler of Thebes
G26-ms-HqA-R19
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 601
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E12
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose III: Djehutimes sa Atum en khetef mesen enef Nebet-Iunet
Djehutimes sa Atum en khetef mesen enef Nebet-Iunet
ḏḥwti-msi(w) zꜤ-itm-n-ẖt.f msi.n-n.f-nbt-iwnt
The bodily son of Atum, whom Nebet-Iunet bore for him
t:x-C53A-zA-n:X:t:f-G31-s-n:n:f-nb:t*O49-G26-ms-s
After 21st year
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 593 (2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 6:E13

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Lateranese obelisk, south center face

Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, VII, 409 (1); Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 584 (1)
Year 24 black granite stela from Karnak

Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, II, 94; Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 833; Mariette, Karnak, I, 12
Lateranese obelisk, north center face

Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, VII, 409 (1); Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 585 (3)
Architrave in the Medinet Habu small temple

Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 38c; Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 881 A; Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, II, 467
Architrave in the Medinet Habu small temple

Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 38d; Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 881 B; Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, II, 81–82

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 6 Μισφραγμουθωσις Misphragmouthosis Misphragmuthosis 26 years
Eusebius xviii, 5 Μισφραγμουθωσις Misphragmouthosis Misphragmuthosis 26 years
Jerome Mispharmuthosis 26 years
Josephus 96 Μηφραμουθωσις Mephramouthosis Mephramuthosis 25 years, 10 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 136–139
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 470–474
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 253–275
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 98–100

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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