Thutmose IV

Also known as: Tuthmosis IV, Thutmosis IV Dynasty XVIII

The name of the god Thoth is an ancient Greek transcription of the original name Djehuty. Thutmose is a modern compromise between the Greek transcription Thutmosis and Djehutimes. He was not the intended successor chosen by his father Amenhotep II, but rather usurped the throne from his elder brother.

Reign of Thutmose IV
AE Chronology1400–1390
von Beckerath1397–1388
Shaw1400–1390
Dodson1398–1388
Malek1401–1391
Arnold1401–1391
Grimal1401–1390
Redford1419–1410
Manetho (Josephus)9y 8m
Manetho (Africanus)9 years
Manetho (Eusebius)9 years
Manetho (Jerome)9 years
Highest attestationYear 8

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Thutmose IV: Ka nakht tut khau
Ka nakht tut khau
kꜢ-nḫt-twt-ḫꜤw
The strong bull, the (very) image of appearances
E2:D40-t-w-t-xa:Z2
Dream stele of Thutmose IV (a.k.a. Sphinx stele)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 8:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose IV: Ka nakht mery Waset
Ka nakht mery Waset
kꜢ-nḫt mri-wꜢst
The strong bull, beloved of Thebes
E2:D40-mr-i-i-R19-t:O49
Offering table CG 23088 (JE39616)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 8:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose IV: Ka nakht sa Atum
Ka nakht sa Atum
kꜢ-nḫt zꜢ-itm
The strong bull, son of Atum
E2:D40-zA-t:U15
Petrie, Memphis I, plate VIII (4)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 8:H3
Nebty name
Nebty name of Thutmose IV: Djed nesyt mi Atum
Djed nesyt mi Atum
ḏd-nsyt mi-itm
Stable of kingship like Atum
Dd-Dd-sw-t-i-i-mi-t:U15
Dream stele of Thutmose IV (a.k.a. Sphinx stele)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 8:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Thutmose IV: Sekhem khau em tau nebu
Sekhem khau em tau nebu
sḫm-ḫꜤw-m-tꜢw-nb(w)
Powerful of appearances in all lands
sxm-xa:Z2-m-N17:N17:N17:nb
Offering table CG 23088 (JE39616)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:N2
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Thutmose IV: User khepesh der pedjut 9
User khepesh der pedjut 9
wsr-ḫpš dr-pḏt-9
The one great of strength who has repelled the Nine Bows
wsr-s-T16A-d:r:D40-pD:Z2:Z2*Z2
Dream stele of Thutmose IV (a.k.a. Sphinx stele)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose IV: User khepesh der pedjut 9
User khepesh der pedjut 9
wsr-ḫpš dr-pḏt
The one great of strength who has repelled the Nine Bows
wsr-s-F24:d:r-D40:pD:Z2*Z2*Z2
Offering table CG 23088 (JE39616)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Thutmose IV: Men kheperu Ra
Men kheperu Ra
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ
Established manifestations of Ra
ra-mn-xpr-Z2
Abydos king list 72
Saqqara king list 6
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose IV: Men kheperu Ra, mer en Ra
Men kheperu Ra, mer en Ra
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ mri.n.rꜤ
Established manifestations of Ra, whom Ra has loved
ra:mn-xpr-ra:Z2-U7:n
Lateran obelisk (south side, right column)
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums IV 1549
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose IV: Men kheperu Ra, iry en Ra
Men kheperu Ra, iry en Ra
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ iri-n-rꜤ
Established manifestations of Ra, whom Ra made
ra:mn-xpr-ra:Z2-ir:n
Lateran obelisk (south side, left column)
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums IV 1550
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:T4
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose IV: Men kheperu en Ra
Men kheperu en Ra
mn-ḫprw-n-rꜤ
Established manifestations of Ra
ra:mn-xpr:Z2-n
Marseille stela 15 and 25
de Saulcy, Mémoires de l'Académie nationale de Metz, 1864, Pt. 2, 257-358
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose IV: Men kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
Men kheperu Ra, setep en Ra
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Established manifestations of Ra , whom Ra chose
ra:mn-xpr:Z2-stp&n&ra
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 69f
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:T5
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose IV: Men kheperu Ra, heqa Maat
Men kheperu Ra, heqa Maat
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt
Established manifestations of Ra, ruler of Maat
ra:mn-xpr-xpr-xpr-HqA-H6
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 69b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:T6
Throne name variant
Throne name of Thutmose IV: Men kheperu Ra
Men kheperu Ra
mn-ḫprw-rꜤ
Established manifestations of Ra
ra-mn:n-xpr-xpr-xpr
de Morgan, Catalogue des Monuments et inscriptions de l'Egypte antique, p. 115
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Thutmose IV: Djehutimes
Djehutimes
ḏḥwti-msi(w)
Thoth is born
G26-ms-s
Dream stele of Thutmose IV (a.k.a. Sphinx stele)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose IV: Djehutimes, kha khau
Djehutimes, kha khau
ḏḥwti-ms(w) ḫꜤi-ḫꜤw
Thoth is born, radiant of crowns
xa-G26-ms-s-xa:Z2
Dream stele of Thutmose IV (a.k.a. Sphinx stele)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 140-141, 8:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Thutmose IV: Djehutimes, kha khau
Djehutimes, kha khau
ḏḥwti-ms ḫꜤi-ḫꜤw
Thoth is born, radiant of crowns
xa-G26-ms-xa:Z2
Dream stele of Thutmose IV (a.k.a. Sphinx stele)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 68

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Temple of Amada dedication text

Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 69f; Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, VII, 69
Dream stele of Thutmose IV (a.k.a. Sphinx stele)

Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 68; Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, III.1, 37; Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 1540
Year 7 Konosso island rock inscription

Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 69e; Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 1555-56; Champollion, Notices, I, 164

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 7 Τουθμωσις Touthmosis Tuthmosis 9 years
Eusebius xviii, 6 Τουθμωσις Touthmosis Tuthmosis 9 years
Jerome Thmosis 9 years
Josephus 96 Θμωσις Thmosis Thmosis 9 years, 8 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 138–141
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 474–477
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 290–305
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 101–102

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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