Caligula

Also known as: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Roman Emperors


Reign of Caligula
37–41

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Caligula: Ka nakht iakhw setut Ra Iah
Ka nakht iakhw setut Ra Iah
kꜢ-nḫt iꜢḫ-stwt-rꜤ-iꜤh
The strong bull, the light of the sun and the moon's rays
E1-nw*Z9:D40-G25-x:W-s-t:W-N8-Z2A-C2B-C1A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 76e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 252-253, 3:H
Autokrator
Autokrator of Caligula: Autokrator heqa heqau mery Ptah Aset
Autokrator heqa heqau mery Ptah Aset
Ꜣwtkrtr ḥḳꜢ-ḥḳꜢw mri-ptḥ-Ꜣst
Emperor and ruler of rulers, beloved by Ptah and Isis
A23E-HqA-Z2A-A-W*t:g-rw:d:r-C102\-C159A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 76d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 252-253, 3:T
Kaisaros / Nomen
Kaisaros / Nomen of Caligula: Kyseres Kernykes ankh djet
Kyseres Kernykes ankh djet
kysrs krwnyḳs?
Caesar Germanicus, living forever
q&Ai-i-s-S56&Ai-i-s-S56:l-z:S56*r-Aa56-nw-i-i-q:V6-anx-D&t:N17
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 76e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 252-253, 3:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

LatinTranscription
GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 252–253
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 21 (1917): 41–47

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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