Aha in hieroglyphs

The second pharaoh of the First Dynasty, a.k.a. Hor-Aha

King Aha is well attested in the archaeological records, but only by his Horus name. As throne names were not yet invented, the consensus is that the names of the early kings in the Abydos king list Teti, and the Turin papyrus' Ity, are instead nebty names. In the king lists of the New Kingdom, the nebty names were placed into cartouches as the scribes were unable to recognize or locate the corresponding names from the ancient sources.

Precedessor
Narmer

Successor
Djer

Reign of Aha
AE Chronologyc. 2870
v. Beckerath3007–2925
Malek2792–2939
Grimal3125–3100
Manetho (Africanus)57 years
Manetho (Eusebius)27 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King

Horus Aha  The Dual King Teti*

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Aha
ꜤḥꜢ
Horus the fighter
D34
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plates III, X, XI
British Museum EA 38010
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 38-39, 1:H

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Teti*
tti
of true greatness
t-t-i
Abydos Canon no. 2
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (2)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 38-39, 2:E1
Throne name variant
Ity*
ity
i-t:y
Turin King List 3.12
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 38-39, 2:E2
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) II:12

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus i, 2 Aθωθις Athothis 57 years
Eusebius i, 2 Aθωθις Athothis 27 years
Eratosthenes 2 Aθωθης Athothis 59

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 3–4; 29–30
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 38–39
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 25
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 7–8
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