Cambyses II in hieroglyphs

The first pharaoh of the Twenty-seventh Dynasty, a.k.a. Kabūjiya

Precedessor
Psamtik III

Successor
Darius I

Reign of Cambyses II
525–522
Dodson525–522
Manetho (Africanus)6 years
Manetho (Eusebius)3 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Sema tawy
smꜢ-tꜢwi
The one who has united the Two Lands
zmA-N16:N16
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, Bibliothèque d'Étude 11 (1936): 35 (4)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 220-221, 1:H

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Mesut Ra
mswt-rꜤ
The offspring of Ra
ra-ms-w-U33
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, Bibliothèque d'Étude 11 (1936): 35 (4)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 220-221, 1:T1

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Kembud
kmbḏ
Kambus (Cambyses)
k:m-b-w-DA
Hammamat inscription no. 164
Couyat, Montet, Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouâdi Hammâmât, MIFAO 34 (1912), 93-94
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 283m
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 220-221, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Kembud
kmbḏ
Kambus (Cambyses)
k-m-b-i-T:t
Posener, La premiere domination Perse en Egypte, Bibliothèque d'Étude 11 (1936): 35 (4)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 220-221, 1:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvii, 1 Καμβυσης Cambyses 6 years
Eusebius xxvii, 1 Καμβυσης Cambyses 3 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 136–139
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 220–221
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 167–168
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