Djet in hieroglyphs

The fourth pharaoh of the First Dynasty, a.k.a. Wadj, Zet, Uadji

The Horus name of pharaoh Djet is well attested, but there is a second version that in addition to the cobra sign, has a papyrus stem before it, which could be read Wadj. This second name has only been found as grafitti near Silsileh and according to Petrie, it belongs to Dynasty XIII.

The Abydos King List lists the fourth pharaoh as Ita, while the Turin papyrus lists a name ending with ..ti. The Manetho list of Africanus and Eusebius both give Uenephes.

Precedessor
Djer

Successor
Den

Reign of Djet
AE Chronology2822–2815
v. Beckerath2927–2914
Malek2892–2879
Grimal3055–3050
Manetho (Africanus)23 years
Manetho (Eusebius)42 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King

Horus Djet  The Dual King Ita*

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Djet
ḏt
Serpent of Horus
I10
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate XVII, 125-127
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 38-39, 4:H
Horus name variant
Wadj
wꜢḏ
Reinvigorated serpent of Horus
M13-I10
Petrie, A Season in Egypt, plate XIV, 414
ASAE , 4, 221

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Ita*
itꜢ
i-t-A
Abydos Canon no. 4
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (4)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 38-39, 4:E1
Throne name variant
Ity*
ity
[jt]-tjw
Turin King List 3.15
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 38-39, 4:E2
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) II:15

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus i, 4 Ουενεφης Uenephis 23 years
Eusebius i, 4 Ουενεφης Uenephes 42 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 31–32
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 38–39
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 25
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 94–96
PLEASE NOTE
There might be errors on this page.
Make sure you use the correct source!
Yes, you would be surprised...