Meribra Khety I in hieroglyphs

The first pharaoh of the Ninth Dynasty, a.k.a. Meribre Khety I

Precedessor
Neferirkara II

Successor
Neferkara III

Reign of Meribra Khety I

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Mer ib tawy  The Dual King Mer ib Ra  Son of Ra Khety

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Mer ib tawy
mri-ib-tꜢwi
Beloved by the heart of the Two Lands
U7:F34-M17-M17-N17:N17
Ebony wand (Cairo Museum JE 42835)
ASAE , 10, 185; 11, 47-48
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:H1
Horus name variant
Mer ib tawy
mri-ib-tꜢwi
Beloved by the heart of the Two Lands
U6-M17-M17-F34:N17:N17
Copper brazier, Louvre E10501
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, XIII, 429-431
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:H2

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Mer ib tawy
mri-ib-tꜢwi
Beloved by the heart of the Two Lands
U7:M17*M17-F34:N17:N17
Ebony wand (Cairo Museum JE 42835)
ASAE , 10, 185
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:N
Nebty name variant
Mer ib tawy
mri-ib-tꜢwi
Beloved by the heart of the Two Lands
U6-M17-M17-F34:N17:N17
Copper brazier, Louvre E10501
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, XIII, 429-431

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Neset nebu
nst-t-nbw
W11:X1-G8
Ebony wand (Cairo Museum JE 42835)
ASAE , 10, 185
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Mer ib Ra
mri-ib-rꜤ
Beloved by the heart of Ra
N5-U6-M17-M17-F34
Ebony wand (Cairo Museum JE 42835)
ASAE , 10, 185
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:T1
Throne name variant
Mer ib Ra
mri-ib-rꜤ
Beloved by the heart of Ra
N5:F34-U6-M17-M17
Copper brazier, Louvre E10501
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, XIII, 429-431
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:T2

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Khety
ḫty
The one belonging to the divine Ennead
F32:X1-M17-M17
Copper brazier, Louvre E10501
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, XIII, 429-431
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:E1
Birth name variant
Sa Ra, Khety
sꜢ-rꜤ-ḫty
The one belonging to the divine Ennead
G39&N5-F32:X1-M17-M17
Ebony wand (Cairo Museum JE 42835)
ASAE , 10, 185-186
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 74-75, e:E2

Bibliography

  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 74–75
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 183–185
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