Neferhotep I in hieroglyphs

A pharaoh(?) of the Thirteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Khasekhemre Neferhotep

Precedessor
Sobekhotep III

Successor
Sihathor

Reign of Neferhotep I
AE Chronology1721–1710
Ryholt1742–1731

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Gereg tawy  The Dual King Kha sekhem Ra  Son of Ra Nefer hotep

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Gereg tawy
grg-tꜢwi
The founder of the Two Lands
U17:N17:N17
Mariette, Abydos, II, plate 28
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 96-97, 22:H1
Horus name variant
Gereg tawy
grg-tꜢwi
The founder of the Two Lands
g:r-U17:N17:N17
Mariette, Abydos, II, plate 28 (1)
Karnak statues, CK 453, CG 42022
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 96-97, 22:H2

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Wep Maat
wp-mꜢꜤt
The one who has inaugurated Maat
F13:p*Z9-U5:a-t:Y1-H6B
Mariette, Abydos, II, plate 28 (1)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 96-97, 22:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Men merut
mn-mrwt
Enduring of love
mn:n-U7:r-w&t
Mariette, Abydos, II, plate 28 (1)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 96-97, 22:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Kha sekhem Ra
ḫꜤi-sḫm-rꜤ
The (very) appearance of the power of Ra
ra-xa:a-Y8
Mariette, Abydos, II, plate 28
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 96-97, 22:T
Throne name variant
Kha sekhem Ra
ḫꜤ-sḫm-rꜤ
The (very) appearance of the power of Ra
ra-xa-sxm
Karnak Canon no. 34
Lepsius, "Über die zwölfte Aegyptische Königsdynastie", APAW, 1852, 425, plate 1

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Nefer hotep
nfr-ḥtp
The beautiful/perfect one is satisfied
nfr-Htp:t*p
Mariette, Abydos, II, plate 28
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, II, 151h
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 96-97, 22:E1
Birth name variant
Nefer hotep
nfr-ḥtp
The beautiful/perfect one is satisfied
nfr-Htp
Petrie, A season in Egypt 1887, plate XV (479)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 96-97, 22:E2

Throne + Birth names

Combination of Throne- and Birth-name cartouches
probably only used for a special occasion.

Throne + Birth name
Kha sekhem Ra nefer hotep
ḫꜤi-sḫm-rꜤ nfr-ḥtp
ra-xa:a-//-sxm-nfr-Htp:t-p
Throne + Birth name variant
Kha sekhem Ra nefer hotep
ḫꜤ-sḫm-rꜤ nfr-ḥtp
ra:xa-Y8-nfr-Htp:t*p
Sehel island rock inscription

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 22–30
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 96–97
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 67
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 252–254
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