Peribsen in hieroglyphs

The seventh pharaoh of the Second Dynasty, a.k.a. Seth-Peribsen, Perabsen

Instead of the traditional falcon perched on the serekh of the Horus name, Peribsen chose instead the Seth-animal, likely due to religious shifts. His name is missing from the New Kingdom king lists, but the reason for this is unknown.

Precedessor
Sekhemib

Successor
Sneferka

Reign of Peribsen
Redford2660–2650

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King

Horus Seth Per ib sen  The Dual King Per ib sen

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Seth Per ib sen
stḥ-pr-ib-sn
E146-(pr:ib)*s:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plates XXI and XXII
Kaplony, Inschriften der Ägyptischen Frühzeit, III, 283-290
Granite stela of Peribsen, EA35597
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, b:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Per ib sen
pr-ib-sn
(pr:ib)*s:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, I, plate IV (7)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, b:N

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Per ib sen
pr-ib-sn
(pr:ib)*s:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate XXII (190)
Throne name variant
Per ib sen
pr-ib-sn
pr:r-ib-s-n
Mariette, Les mastabas de l'ancien empire, pp. 92-93
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, b:E2

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 23–24
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 44–45
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 29
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 362–365
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