Psammuthis in hieroglyphs

The third pharaoh of the Twenty-ninth Dynasty, a.k.a. Psammuthes

Precedessor
Akoris

Successor
Neferites II

Reign of Psammuthis
393
Redford392
Manetho1 year

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Aa pehty mar sepu  The Dual King User Ra, setep en Ptah  Son of Ra Pa sheri en Mut

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Aa pehty mar sepu
ꜤꜢ-pḥti mꜤr-zpw
Great of strength and successful of occasions
aA:F9*F9-M30-O50:3
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 259b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 2:H1
Horus name variant
Aa pehty mar sepu
ꜤꜢ-pḥti mꜤr-zpw
Great of strength and successful of occasions
aA:F9*F9-M30-z:p*O50:Z2
Bouriant, La stèle 5576 du musée de Boulaq et l'inscription de Rosette, RecTrav 6 (1885): 20
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 2:H2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
User Ra, setep en Ptah
wsr-rꜤ stp.n-ptḥ
The powerful one of Ra, chosen by Ptah
ra-wsr-s-p:t-H-stp:n
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 259b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 2:T1
Throne name variant
User Ra setep en Ptah
wsr-rꜤ stp.n-ptḥ
The powerful one of Ra, chosen by Ptah
ra-wsr-s-p:t-H-stp
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 259a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 2:T2

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Pa sheri en Mut
pꜢ-šri-n-mwt
Child of Mut
p-A17-t&G15
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 259b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 2:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxix, 3 Ψαμμουθις Psammuthis 1 year
Eusebius xxix, 3 Ψαμμουθις Psammuthis 1 year

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 168–169
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 224–225
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 170
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