Ptolemy IX in hieroglyphs

The ninth pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a.k.a. Ptolemaios Soter Lathyrus

Precedessor
Ptolemy VIII

Successor
Ptolemy X

Reign of Ptolemy IX
116–107
Dodson116–107

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Djoser mesut hena hapu ankh, netjeri kheperu, sensen mesekhen net sa Aset
ḏsr-mswt-ḥnꜤ-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ nṯri-ḫpr(w) snsn-msḫn(t)-nt-zꜢ-Ꜣst
Distinguished through his birth together with the living Apis, godlike at conception, twin in his birthplace with the son of Isis
D250:r-ms-s-Z3-V77-Aa5:p-zA-anx-E95-O249-xpr:r-A40-A80-ms-s-x*nw:N37-nw:t-zA&1-Q1:t-C159D
First reign
Dumichen, Altägyptische Tempelinschriften, I, plate CIV
deRouge, Inscriptions et notices recueillies a Edfou, I, plate XLIII
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 870
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 240-241, 9:H1
Horus name variant
Ka nakht ity pesedj em tameri mi hapu ankh, redj enef habu-sed ashau weru mi Ptah-Tatenen it netjeru
kꜢ-nḫt ity-psḏ-m-tꜢmri-mi-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ rdi-n.f-ḥꜢbw-sd-ꜤšꜢw-wrw-mi-ptḥ-tꜢṯnn-it-nṯrw
The strong bull and sovereign who shines in Ta-mery like the living Apis bull, whom has been given many Sed festivals like Ptah Ta-tjenen, and father of the gods
E1-Z9:D40-mi-i-U33-i-i-A311B-Dd-Aa56-N8-N17:t:O5*O49-anx-E95-mi-r:t:a-n:f-O23D:Z2-I1:Z2-wr:Z2-mi-p:Z1-H-C18C-t:f:Z1:f-G5&3
Second reign
Gauthier, Le livre des Rois d'Egypte, IV, 359 (XLV)
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 871
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 240-241, 9:H2

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Sekha su mutef her nesut itef iti tawy em Maat-kheru
sḫꜤi-sw-mwt.f-ḥr-nst-it.f iṯi-tꜢwi m mꜢꜤ-ḫrw
The one whose mother placed on the throne of his father, who has siezed the inheritance of the Two Lands in justification
s-xa:a:Y1-sw-w-t&G14-f:D2*1-g:pr-t:f:Z1:f-V15:f-M127-wAD-Aa56-Sw-P8
First reign
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 870
Daressy, Note sur des bas-reliefs du temple de Deir el-Médineh, BIFAO 6, 73
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 240-241, 9:N1
Nebty name variant
Wer pehty khenti-she neheh semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
wr-pḥti ḫnti-š-nḥḥ smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
wr:r-F9*F9:Z9:D40-W17A-N37A:N36-H-ra-H-s-U32-h:p-H27:Z2-mi-G191B-O29v-O29v
Second reign
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 359 (XLV)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 240-241, 9:N2
Nebty name variant
Wer pehty sekhem wadj-wer iti iwa tawy em Maat-kheru, menkh-ib kher netjeru remetju
wr-pḥti sḫm-WꜢḏ-wr iti-iwꜤ-tꜢwi-m-mꜢꜤ-ḫrw mnḫ-ib-ḫr-nṯrw-rmṯw
wr:r-F9*F9:Z9:D40-Dsr-M14-wr:N36-V15-F44-xpr:N21-xpr:N21-Aa15:Sw*P8-mnx-ib:1-N37A:r-G7&3
Second reign
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 358 (XLII A)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:H3

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Neb ta mery, heqaef em haau neb habu-sed mi Tatenen it netjeru nesut ity semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
nb-tꜢmri ḥḳꜢ.f-m-ḥꜤꜤw nb-ḥꜢbw-sd-mi-tꜢṯnn-it-nṯrw-nsyt(?) ity-smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
Lord of Egypt who rules in joy, the lord of the Sed festival like Ptah-Tatenen, king of the Gods, who determines the laws like the great god Thoth
nb:N16-O5:O49-HqA-A40D-f:Aa15-A137-nb:O23D-Z3-C18C-t:f-nTrw-sw-i-i-t:3-A304G-A311A-D29-U32-h*p:Y1:Z2-G191B-O29v-O29v-mi
First reign
Daressy, Note sur des bas-reliefs du temple de Deir el-Médineh, BIFAO 6, 73
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Shesep ta mery, heqaef em haau, neb habu-sed ashau weru mi itef Ptah-Tatenen semsu netjeru, shesepenef nesyt en Ra em qenu nekhet ity wedja Maat semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
šzp-tꜢmri ḥḳꜢ.f-m-ḥꜤꜤw nb-ḥꜢbw-sd-ꜤšꜢw-wrw-mi-it.f-Ptḥ-tꜢṯnn-smsw-nṯrw šzp.n.f-nsyt-n-rꜤ-m-ḳnw-nḫt (ity-wḏꜤ-MꜢꜤt smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ)
Who, seizing Egypt, rules in joy, the lord of many great Sed festivals like his father Ptah-Tatenen, the oldest of the Gods
O42A:N17-O145-t:O49-A40C-A9-m-A137-nb:O23D-I1:Z2-wr:r-Z3-mi-t:A9-A9-C19C-C18C-A23A-G7D-G7D-G7D-d:n:f-A43B-t:Z2A-S3-C2B-m-T16A\-nw-A24
Second reign
Chassinat, le Temple d'Edfou, V, 5
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:G2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Iwa netjer menekh netjeret meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah iri maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯr-mnḫ-nṯrt-mr(t)-mwt.s-nḏt(t) stp.n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
The heir of the Beneficient God and the Goddess who loves her mother and who saves, the chosen of Ptah, who brings forth the order of Ra, the living image of Amun
mnx-nTr-t-nTr-D39:t*H8-z:N36-Aa27D-t:H8-F44-A41-sxm-C12C\-C2A-stp:n-ir:Aa11
First reign
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 42c
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:T1
Throne name variant
Iwa netjer menekh netjeret meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah, ir Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯr-mnḫ-nṯrt-mr(t)-mwt.s-nḏt(t) stp.n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
mnx-nTr-1-nTr-D39:z:N36-nw:t-Aa27D-F44:n-A40-sxm-C12\-C2-stp:ir-Aa11:n
First reign
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, Text IV, 108α
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:T2
Throne name variant
Iwa netjer menekh netjeret Meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah, iri Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯr-mnḫ-nṯrt-mr(t)-mwt.s-nḏt(t) stp.n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
mnx-nTr-F44-nTr-t:H8-t&G14-s:N36-Aa27D-nw*t:D40-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11-C12\-C1-sxm-anx
First reign
Daressy, Note sur des bas-reliefs du temple de Deir el-Médineh, BIFAO 6, 72
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 360 (XLVIII A)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:T3
Throne name variant
Iwa aanetjeru menekhu setep en Ptah iri Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-ꜤꜢ-(n)-nṯrwi-mnḫwi stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
mnx-nTr-mnx-nTr-F44-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11:n-C2\-C12-sxm-anx
Second reign
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 358 (XLII A)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:T4

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-ptḥ
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Ptah
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&(t:N17)-p:t-H-N36
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 42c
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 242-243, 9:E

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 346–365
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 240–243
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 183–185
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