Ramesses V in hieroglyphs

The fourth pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty,

The fourth pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty, Ramesses V, only reigned for four years before his uncle Ramesses VI succeeded him on the throne. Why this happened is unknown, but Ramesses VI did usurp tomb KV9 already begun by Ramesses V.

Precedessor
Ramesses IV

Successor
Ramesses VI

Reign of Ramesses V
AE Chronology1149–1146
v. Beckerath1145–1142
Shaw1147–1143
Dodson1146–1141
Arnold1156–1151
Malek1147–1143
Grimal1148–1144
Redford1160–1156
Highest attestationYear 4

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht men Maat  The Dual King User Maat Ra, sekheper en Ra  Son of Ra Ramessu Amun her khepeshef mery Amun

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht men Maat
kꜢ-nḫt mn-mꜢꜤt
Strong bull, whose Maat is permanent
E1:D40-mAat-O25
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 223b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:H

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
User renput mi Itemu
wsr-rnpwt-mi-itm
Rich in years like Atum
wsr-s-rnp-rnp-rnp-mi-i-t:U15:M-A40
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , VI, 222
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
User Maat Ra, sekheper en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫpr.n-rꜤ
Ra is rich in Maat, he who Ra has raised
ra-wsr-C10A-s-ra-xpr:n
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 223a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:T1
Throne name variant A
User Maat Ra sekheper en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫpr.n-rꜤ
Ra is rich in Maat, he who Ra has raised
ra-C2A\-wsr-C10A-s*xpr:n
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 223b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:T2
Throne name variant B
User Maat Ra, sekheper en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫpr.n-rꜤ
Ra is rich in Maat, he who Ra has raised
ra-wsr*C10A:z-C2*xpr:n
Ostracon CG 25189bis
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:T3
Throne name variant C
User Maat Ra, sekheper en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫpr.n-rꜤ
Ra is rich in Maat, he who Ra has raised
ra-wsr-Sw-s-xpr-n:ra-G7
Turin 57002 verso
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:T4
Throne name variant D
User Maat Ra, sekheper en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫpr.n-rꜤ
Ra is rich in Maat, he who Ra has raised
ra-wsr-Sw-s-xpr:n-ra-G7
Papyrus WIlbour 45,40
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:T5

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ramessu Amun her khepeshef mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-(ḥr)-ḫpš.f mri.imn
Ra created him, Amun is his force, beloved of Amun
ra-C12\-C12F-N36-s-ms-sw-f
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 223b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:E1
Birth name variant A
Ramessu Amun her khepeshef mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-(ḥr)-ḫpš mri.imn
Ra created him, Amun is his force, beloved of Amun
ra-C12A\-T16A-C12A-N36-sw-ms-s
Usurped
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 223a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:E5
Birth name variant B
Ramessu Amun her khepeshef mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-(ḥr)-ḫpš.f mri.imn
Ra created him, Amun is his force, beloved of Amun
ra-C12\-C12F-N36-ms-z:z:xpS:f
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , VI, 221
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:E3
Birth name variant C
Ramessu Amun her khepeshef mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-(ḥr)-ḫpš.f mri.imn
Ra created him, Amun is his force, beloved of Amun
ra-ms-s-s-i-mn:n-G7-D2-Z1-xpS:D40:f-G7-mr-i-mn:n-G7
Papyrus Wilbour 76,27
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 168-169, 4:E4

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 191–194
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 168–169
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 131
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 321–323
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