Ramesses VII in hieroglyphs

The sixth pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty,

The sixth pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty, and was the son of Ramesses VI.

Precedessor
Ramesses VI

Successor
Ramesses VIII

Reign of Ramesses VII
AE Chronology1138–1131
v. Beckerath1134–1126
Shaw1136–1129
Dodson1133–1125
Arnold1143–1136
Malek1136–1129
Grimal1136–1128
Redford1149–1141
Highest attestationYear 8

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht an em nesu  The Dual King User Maat Ra, setep en Ra, mery Amun  Son of Ra Ramessu, ity Amun, heqa netjer Iunu

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht an em nesu
kꜢ-nḫt Ꜥn-m-nsw
The strong bull, magnificent of royalty
E1:D40-a:n:D6-m-sw-A42A
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a (top row)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:H1
Horus name variant A
Ka nakht an em nesu
kꜢ-nḫt Ꜥn-m-nsw
The strong bull, magnificent of royalty
E1:D40-a:n-D6-m-sw-t:n-G7
Papyrus Louvre 80
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:H2
Horus name variant B
Ka nakht an em netjer
kꜢ-nḫt Ꜥn-m-nṯr
E1:D40-a:n-D6:Aa15-nTr-A40
BIFAO 29, p. 74
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:H3
Horus name variant C
Ka nakht Ra nefer her neb hebused mi itef Ptah-Tatenen
kꜢ nꜤkht rꜤ nefer her nb ḥbw-sd mi it.f ptḥ-tꜢ-ṯnn
The victorious bull of Ra, beautiful of face, possessor of Sed festivals like his father Ptah-Tatenen
E1:D40-ra:Z1-nfr-D2:Z1-nb-O23F-Z3-mi-i-t:f:Z1:f-p:t-H-N17:T:n:n
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , VI, 385:3
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:H4

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Mek Kemet waf khastiu
mk-kmt wꜤf-ḫꜢstiw
Protector of Egypt, he who vanquishes the foreigners
Aa15:a:k-Y1:I6:Aa15-t:O49-G45:f-W:D40:pD:t*Z2
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a (top row)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:N2
Nebty name variant
Mek Kemet waf khastiu
mk kmt wꜤf ḫꜢstyw
The protector of Egypt who has subdued the foreigners
m-a:k:Y1-I6:t*O49-w-a:f:V1-Y1v-A24-N25:t*Z1-T14-A1*B1:Z2-N25
Papyrus Louvre 80
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:N1

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
User renput mi Amun
wsr-rnpwt-mi-imn
Rich in years like Amum
wsr-rnp-rnp-rnp-mi-i-A304G
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a (top row)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:G1

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
User Maat Ra, setep en Ra, mery Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ mri-imn
Rich in Maat like Ra, the chosen one of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-C12B-mr-stp&n&ra
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a (top row)
Throne name variant
User Maat Ra, setep en Ra, mery Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ mri-imn
Rich in Maat like Ra, the chosen one of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-C12B-N36-stp&n&ra
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:T2

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ramessu, ity Amun, heqa netjer Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw it(.i)-imn nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-inwn
Ramesses, his father is Amun, god and ruler of Heliopolis
N5-C12-F31-O34:O34-M17:X1-R8-S38-O28
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a
Birth name variant
Ramessu, ity Amun, heqa netjer Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw it(.i)-imn nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Ramesses, his father is Amun, god and ruler of Heliopolis
ms:z:z-i:t-C2\-C12-i:t-nTr-HqA-iwn
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a (top row)
Birth name variant
Ramessu, ity Amun, heqa netjer Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw it(.i)-imn nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-inwn
Ramesses, his father is Amun, god and ruler of Heliopolis
ra-C12-ms-z:z-i:t-nTr-HqA-iwn
Valley of Kings, Tomb KV11
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 233a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 6:E2

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 202–204
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 170–173
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 132
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 326–328
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